Molecules 2009, 14(11), 4725-4736; doi:10.3390/molecules14114725
Article

Chemical Composition and Phytotoxic Effects of Essential Oils of Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. and Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. Growing Wild in Lebanon

1 Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano, Salerno, Italy 2 Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université Saint Esprit, Kaslik (Beyrouth), Lebanon 3 Dipartimento di Chimica delle Sostanze Naturali, Università degli Studi di Napoli “Federico II”, Via D. Montesano, 49, I-80131 Napoli, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 October 2009; in revised form: 14 November 2009 / Accepted: 18 November 2009 / Published: 19 November 2009
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Abstract: The chemical composition of the essential oils of S. hierosolymitana Boiss. and S. multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. collected in Lebanon was studied by means of GC and GC-MS analysis. In all 115 compounds were identified: 82 for S hierosolymitana and 72 for S. multicaulis var. simplicifolia. The presence of carbonylic compounds (17%) characterizes the oil from S. hierosolymitana,while S. multicaulis var. simplicifolia oil is rich of monoterpenes (34.5%) and sesquiterpenes (46.9%). The effects of the essential oils on germination and initial radical elongation of Raphanus sativus L. (radish) and Lepidium sativum L. (garden cress) were studied, indicating in a different activity against radical elongation of the species tested.
Keywords: Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss.; Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss.; essential oil; germination; radical elongation

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mancini, E.; Arnold, N.A.; De Martino, L.; De Feo, V.; Formisano, C.; Rigano, D.; Senatore, F. Chemical Composition and Phytotoxic Effects of Essential Oils of Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. and Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. Growing Wild in Lebanon. Molecules 2009, 14, 4725-4736.

AMA Style

Mancini E, Arnold NA, De Martino L, De Feo V, Formisano C, Rigano D, Senatore F. Chemical Composition and Phytotoxic Effects of Essential Oils of Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. and Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. Growing Wild in Lebanon. Molecules. 2009; 14(11):4725-4736.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mancini, Emilia; Arnold, Nelly Apostolides; De Martino, Laura; De Feo, Vincenzo; Formisano, Carmen; Rigano, Daniela; Senatore, Felice. 2009. "Chemical Composition and Phytotoxic Effects of Essential Oils of Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. and Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. Growing Wild in Lebanon." Molecules 14, no. 11: 4725-4736.

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