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Molecules 2009, 14(11), 4725-4736; doi:10.3390/molecules14114725

Chemical Composition and Phytotoxic Effects of Essential Oils of Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. and Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. Growing Wild in Lebanon

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084 Fisciano, Salerno, Italy
2
Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université Saint Esprit, Kaslik (Beyrouth), Lebanon
3
Dipartimento di Chimica delle Sostanze Naturali, Università degli Studi di Napoli “Federico II”, Via D. Montesano, 49, I-80131 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 October 2009 / Revised: 14 November 2009 / Accepted: 18 November 2009 / Published: 19 November 2009
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Abstract

The chemical composition of the essential oils of S. hierosolymitana Boiss. and S. multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. collected in Lebanon was studied by means of GC and GC-MS analysis. In all 115 compounds were identified: 82 for S hierosolymitana and 72 for S. multicaulis var. simplicifolia. The presence of carbonylic compounds (17%) characterizes the oil from S. hierosolymitana,while S. multicaulis var. simplicifolia oil is rich of monoterpenes (34.5%) and sesquiterpenes (46.9%). The effects of the essential oils on germination and initial radical elongation of Raphanus sativus L. (radish) and Lepidium sativum L. (garden cress) were studied, indicating in a different activity against radical elongation of the species tested.
Keywords: Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss.; Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss.; essential oil; germination; radical elongation Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss.; Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss.; essential oil; germination; radical elongation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mancini, E.; Arnold, N.A.; De Martino, L.; De Feo, V.; Formisano, C.; Rigano, D.; Senatore, F. Chemical Composition and Phytotoxic Effects of Essential Oils of Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. and Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. Growing Wild in Lebanon. Molecules 2009, 14, 4725-4736.

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