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Molecules 2009, 14(1), 480-493; doi:10.3390/molecules14010480
Article

Total Antioxidant Capacity of Some Commercial Fruit Juices: Electrochemical and Spectrophotometrical Approaches

1
, 2 and 2,*
Received: 26 November 2008; in revised form: 26 December 2008 / Accepted: 14 January 2009 / Published: 20 January 2009
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Abstract: The aim of this paper was to assess the total antioxidant capacity of some commercial fruit juices (namely citrus), spectrophotometrically and by the biamperometric method, using the redox couple DPPH· (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl)/DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazine). Trolox® was chosen as a standard antioxidant. In the case of the spectrophometric method, the absorbance decrease of the DPPH· solution was followed. For the biamperometric method, the influence of some parameters like the potential diference, ΔE, DPPH· concentration, and Trolox® concentration was investigated. The calibration graph obtained for Trolox® presents linearity between 5 and 30 µM, (y = 0.059 x + 0.0564, where y represents the value of current intensity, expressed as μA and x the value of Trolox® concentration, expressed as μM; r2 = 0.9944). The R.S.D. value for the biamperometric method was 1.29% (n = 10, c = 15 μM Trolox®). In the case of the spectrophotometric method, the calibration graph obtained for Trolox® presents linearity between 0.01 and 0.125 mM (y = -9.5789 x+1.4533, where y represents the value of absorbance and x, the value of Trolox® concentration, expressed as mM; r2 = 0.9963). The R.S.D. value for the spectrophotometric method was 2.05%. Both methods were applied to total antioxidant activity determination in real samples (natural juices and soft drinks) and the results were in good agreement.
Keywords: Antioxidant activity; 2; 2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl; 2; 2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazine; Biamperometry; Pt electrode; Citrus juices Antioxidant activity; 2; 2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl; 2; 2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazine; Biamperometry; Pt electrode; Citrus juices
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pisoschi, A.M.; Cheregi, M.C.; Danet, A.F. Total Antioxidant Capacity of Some Commercial Fruit Juices: Electrochemical and Spectrophotometrical Approaches. Molecules 2009, 14, 480-493.

AMA Style

Pisoschi AM, Cheregi MC, Danet AF. Total Antioxidant Capacity of Some Commercial Fruit Juices: Electrochemical and Spectrophotometrical Approaches. Molecules. 2009; 14(1):480-493.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pisoschi, Aurelia Magdalena; Cheregi, Mihaela Carmen; Danet, Andrei Florin. 2009. "Total Antioxidant Capacity of Some Commercial Fruit Juices: Electrochemical and Spectrophotometrical Approaches." Molecules 14, no. 1: 480-493.


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