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Antimicrobial Activity of Some Water Plants from the Northeastern Anatolian Region of Turkey
Kafkas University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology 36100 Kars, Turkey
Public Health Laboratory 58100 Sivas, Turkey
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 November 2008; in revised form: 29 December 2008 / Accepted: 5 January 2009 / Published: 12 January 2009
Abstract: The antimicrobial activity of methanol and acetone extracts of Butomus umbellatus, Polygonum amphibium, and two species of the genus Sparganium (S. erectum and S. emersum)against three Gram-positive, five Gram-negative bacteria and one fungus was assessed by the disk diffusion method. The microorganisms used were Staphylococcus aureusATCC-29740, Escherichia coli ATCC-25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC-15442, Salmonella typhi NCTC-9394, Klebsiella pneumoniae NCTC-5046, Proteus vulgaris ATCC-7829, Bacillus subtilis ATCC-6633, Corynebacterium diphteriae RSHM-633 and Candida albicans ATCC-10231. Methanol extracts of the plants did not exhibit any inhibitory activity against any of the microorganisms, while the acetone extracts of the all tested plants only showed significant activity against Bacillus subtilis, with inhibition zones and minimal inhibitory concentration values in the 7-16 mm and 0.49-12.50 mg/mL ranges, respectively.
Keywords: Antimicrobial activity; Butomus umbellatus; Polygonum amphibium L. (Persicaria amphibian L.); Sparganium emersum; Sparganium erectum
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MDPI and ACS Style
Özbay, H.; Alim, A. Antimicrobial Activity of Some Water Plants from the Northeastern Anatolian Region of Turkey. Molecules 2009, 14, 321-328.
Özbay H, Alim A. Antimicrobial Activity of Some Water Plants from the Northeastern Anatolian Region of Turkey. Molecules. 2009; 14(1):321-328.
Özbay, Hanife; Alim, Ahmet. 2009. "Antimicrobial Activity of Some Water Plants from the Northeastern Anatolian Region of Turkey." Molecules 14, no. 1: 321-328.