Molecules 2009, 14(1), 122-132; doi:10.3390/molecules14010122
Article

Differential Cytotoxicity of MEX: a Component of Neem Oil Whose Action Is Exerted at the Cell Membrane Level

email, email and * email
Received: 4 November 2008; in revised form: 11 December 2008 / Accepted: 18 December 2008 / Published: 31 December 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nucleic Acids)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Neem oil is obtained from the seeds of the tree Azadirachta indica. Its chemical composition is very complex, being rich in terpenoids and limonoids, as well as volatile sulphur modified compounds. This work focused on the evaluation of a component of the whole Neem oil obtained by methanolic extraction and defined as MEX. Cytotoxicity was assessed on two different cell populations: a stabilized murine fibroblast line (3T6) and a tumor cell line (HeLa). The data presented here suggest a differential sensitivity of these two populations, the tumor line exhibiting a significantly higher sensitivity to MEX. The data strongly suggest that its toxic target is the cell membrane. In addition the results presented here imply that MEX may contain one or more agents that could find a potential use in anti-proliferative therapy.
Keywords: oil; MEX; Cytoxicity; Lipo-peroxidation; Cell Membrane
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [962 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014 19:28 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Ricci, F.; Berardi, V.; Risuleo, G. Differential Cytotoxicity of MEX: a Component of Neem Oil Whose Action Is Exerted at the Cell Membrane Level. Molecules 2009, 14, 122-132.

AMA Style

Ricci F, Berardi V, Risuleo G. Differential Cytotoxicity of MEX: a Component of Neem Oil Whose Action Is Exerted at the Cell Membrane Level. Molecules. 2009; 14(1):122-132.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ricci, Francesca; Berardi, Valerio; Risuleo, Gianfranco. 2009. "Differential Cytotoxicity of MEX: a Component of Neem Oil Whose Action Is Exerted at the Cell Membrane Level." Molecules 14, no. 1: 122-132.

Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert