Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Molecules 2009, 14(1), 1-9; doi:10.3390/molecules14010001
Article

Chemical Composition of Essential Oil and Leaf Anatomy of Salvia bertolonii Vis. and Salvia pratensis L. (Sect. Plethiosphace, Lamiaceae)

1
, 2,* , 1
, 1
, 3
, 1
, 1
, 2
 and 1
Received: 25 September 2008; in revised form: 17 November 2008 / Accepted: 8 December 2008 / Published: 23 December 2008
Download PDF [409 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014]
Abstract: The taxonomical relationship between Salvia pratensis and S. bertolonii has been unclear for a long time. Salvia bertolonii has alternatively been considered a synonym, a subspecies, a problematic subspecies and a form of Salvia pratensis. However, both these two species are sometimes used in traditional medicine instead of sage (Salvia officinalis) or as an adulteration for the same drug. In order to confirm the status of S. bertolonii, together with the potential identification characteristics for differentiation from sage, both taxa were analyzed through the analysis of their essential oils, together with the micromorphological characteristics of the leaf surface and the anatomy and morphology of the leaves. The obtained results show that there are clear differences in the quantity of essential oil (0.073% for S. pratensis and 0.0016% for S. berolonii). The major compound in the essential oil of S. pratensis was E-caryophyllene (26.4%) while in S. berolonii essential oil caryophyllene oxide was the major component (35.1%). The micromorphological differences are also pronounced in the leaf indumentum (density and distribution of certain types of non-glandular and glandular trichomes). Clear distinction between the investigated Salvia species is also observed in the leaf anatomy (in S. pratensis leaves are thinner, palisade tissue is made of 1-2 layers of cells, and leaves of S. bertolonii are characterized by 2-3 layers of palisade tissue cells, and consequently thicker).
Keywords: Salvia; Essential oil; Micromorphological characters; Taxonomic relationship Salvia; Essential oil; Micromorphological characters; Taxonomic relationship
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Anačkov, G.; Božin, B.; Zorić, L.; Vukov, D.; Mimica-Dukić, N.; Merkulov, L.; Igić, R.; Jovanović, M.; Boža, P. Chemical Composition of Essential Oil and Leaf Anatomy of Salvia bertolonii Vis. and Salvia pratensis L. (Sect. Plethiosphace, Lamiaceae). Molecules 2009, 14, 1-9.

AMA Style

Anačkov G, Božin B, Zorić L, Vukov D, Mimica-Dukić N, Merkulov L, Igić R, Jovanović M, Boža P. Chemical Composition of Essential Oil and Leaf Anatomy of Salvia bertolonii Vis. and Salvia pratensis L. (Sect. Plethiosphace, Lamiaceae). Molecules. 2009; 14(1):1-9.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Anačkov, Goran; Božin, Biljana; Zorić, Lana; Vukov, Dragana; Mimica-Dukić, Neda; Merkulov, Ljiljana; Igić, Ružica; Jovanović, Marina; Boža, Pal. 2009. "Chemical Composition of Essential Oil and Leaf Anatomy of Salvia bertolonii Vis. and Salvia pratensis L. (Sect. Plethiosphace, Lamiaceae)." Molecules 14, no. 1: 1-9.


Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert