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Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Activity of Fourteen Wild Edible Fruits from Burkina Faso
Laboratoire de Biochimie et de Chimie Appliquées, U.F.R/S.V.T, Université de Ouagadougou, 03 BP 7021 Ouaga 03, Burkina Faso
Animal Production Unit, FAO/IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory, IAEA, Vienna, Austria
Laboratoire de Biologie et d’Ecologie Végétales, U.F.R/S.V.T, Université de Ouagadougou, 03 BP 7021 Ouaga 03, Burkina Faso
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 January 2008; in revised form: 4 March 2008 / Accepted: 5 March 2008 / Published: 6 March 2008
Abstract: A total of fourteen (14) species of wild edible fruits from Burkina Faso wereanalyzed for their phenolic and flavonoid contents, and their antioxidant activities usingthe DPPH, FRAP and ABTS methods. The data obtained show that the total phenolic andtotal flavonoid levels were significantly higher in the acetone than in the methanol extracts.Detarium microcarpum fruit had the highest phenolic and the highest flavonoid content,followed by that of Adansonia digitata, Ziziphus mauritiana, Ximenia americana andLannea microcarpa. Significant amounts of total phenolics were also detected in the otherfruit species in the following order of decreasing levels: Tamarindus indica > Sclerocaryabirrea > Dialium guineense > Gardenia erubescens > Diospyros mespiliformis > Parkiabiglobosa > Ficus sycomorus > Vitellaria paradoxa. Detarium microcarpum fruit alsoshowed the highest antioxidant activity using the three antioxidant assays. Fruits with highantioxidant activities were also found to possess high phenolic and flavonoid contents.There was a strong correlation between total phenolic and flavonoid levels and antioxidantactivities.
Keywords: Wild fruits; Tropical fruits; phenolics; flavonoids; antioxidant capacity.
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Lamien-Meda, A.; Lamien, C.E.; Compaoré, M.M.; Meda, R.N.; Kiendrebeogo, M.; Zeba, B.; Millogo, J.F.; Nacoulma, O.G. Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Activity of Fourteen Wild Edible Fruits from Burkina Faso. Molecules 2008, 13, 581-594.
Lamien-Meda A, Lamien CE, Compaoré MM, Meda RN, Kiendrebeogo M, Zeba B, Millogo JF, Nacoulma OG. Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Activity of Fourteen Wild Edible Fruits from Burkina Faso. Molecules. 2008; 13(3):581-594.
Lamien-Meda, Aline; Lamien, Charles E.; Compaoré, Moussa M.; Meda, Roland N.; Kiendrebeogo, Martin; Zeba, Boukare; Millogo, Jeanne F.; Nacoulma, Odile G. 2008. "Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Activity of Fourteen Wild Edible Fruits from Burkina Faso." Molecules 13, no. 3: 581-594.