Molecules 2007, 12(4), 878-884; doi:10.3390/12040878

How Many Drugs Are Catecholics

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Received: 27 March 2007; in revised form: 23 April 2007 / Accepted: 25 April 2007 / Published: 30 April 2007
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics and Polyphenolics)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: By examination of the 8659 drugs recorded in the Comprehensive Medicinal Chemistry (CMC) database, 78 catecholics (including five pyrogallolics) were identified, of which 17 are currently prescribed by FDA. Through analyzing the substitutent patterns, ClogPs and O-H bond dissociation enthalpies(BDEs) of the catecholic drugs, some molecular features that may benefit circumventing the toxicity of catecholics were revealed: i) strong electron-donating substituents are excluded; ii) ClogP 3; iii) an energy penalty exists for quinone formation. Besides, the present analyses also suggest that the clinical usage and dosage of currently prescribed catecholic drugs are of importance in designing or screening catecholic antioxidants.
Keywords: Antioxidant; Catechol; Toxicity; Chemoinformatics; Density functional theory; Bond dissociation enthalpy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, D.-P.; Ji, H.-F.; Tang, G.-Y.; Ren, W.; Zhang, H.-Y. How Many Drugs Are Catecholics. Molecules 2007, 12, 878-884.

AMA Style

Yang D-P, Ji H-F, Tang G-Y, Ren W, Zhang H-Y. How Many Drugs Are Catecholics. Molecules. 2007; 12(4):878-884.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Da-Peng; Ji, Hong-Fang; Tang, Guang-Yan; Ren, Wei; Zhang, Hong-Yu. 2007. "How Many Drugs Are Catecholics." Molecules 12, no. 4: 878-884.

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