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Molecules 2007, 12(4), 772-781; doi:10.3390/12040772

Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil of Algerian Phlomis bovei De Noé subsp. bovei

1
Department of Pharmacy, Div. of Pharmacognosy, Chemistry of Natural Products, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Zografou, 15771 Athens, Greece
2
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University Ferhat Abbas, Setif, Algeria
3
Department of Food Technology, Technological Educational Institution (T.E.I.) of Larissa, Terma Temponera str., Karditsa, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 February 2007 / Revised: 27 March 2007 / Accepted: 3 April 2007 / Published: 12 April 2007
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Abstract

The chemical composition of essential oil obtained by steam distillation of dried aerial parts of Phlomis bovei De Noé subsp. bovei collected from Algeria, was analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Seventy five constituents (corresponding to 86.37% of the total weight) were identified. The main components were: germacrene D, β-caryophyllene, β-bournonene, thymol and hexahydrofarnesyl acetone. Furthermore, the antimicrobial activity of the oil was evaluated against six Gram (+/-) bacteria and three pathogenic fungi, using the agar dilution technique. It was found that the oil exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against most of the tested microorganisms. View Full-Text
Keywords: Phlomis bovei De Noe; chemical composition; essential oil; antimicrobial activity Phlomis bovei De Noe; chemical composition; essential oil; antimicrobial activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liolios, C.; Laouer, H.; Boulaacheb, N.; Gortzi, O.; Chinou, I. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil of Algerian Phlomis bovei De Noé subsp. bovei. Molecules 2007, 12, 772-781.

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