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Entropy 2004, 6(1), 68-75; doi:10.3390/e6010068
From Randomness to Order
Received: 18 June 2003; Accepted: 19 December 2003 / Published: 12 March 2004
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quantum Limits to the Second Law of Thermodynamics)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: I review some selected situations in which order builds up from randomness, or a losing trend turns into winning. Except for Section 4 (which is mine), all cases are well documented and the price paid to achieve order is apparent.
Keywords: Maxwell demon; Brownian ratchet; persistent current; paradoxical game; fluctuations