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Entropy 2017, 19(4), 156; doi:10.3390/e19040156

Use of Exergy Analysis to Quantify the Effect of Lithium Bromide Concentration in an Absorption Chiller

Applied Energy Research Laboratory (AERL), Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Idaho, 875 Perimeter Dr., Moscow, ID 83844-0902, USA
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Academic Editor: Milivoje M. Kostic
Received: 24 February 2017 / Revised: 27 March 2017 / Accepted: 30 March 2017 / Published: 1 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Work Availability and Exergy Analysis)
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Abstract

Absorption chillers present opportunities to utilize sustainable fuels in the production of chilled water. An assessment of the steam driven absorption chiller at the University of Idaho, was performed to quantify the current exergy destruction rates. Measurements of external processes and flows were used to create a mathematical model. Using engineering equation solver to analyze and identify the major sources of exergy destruction within the chiller. It was determined that the absorber, generator and condenser are the largest contribution to the exergy destruction at 30%, 31% and 28% of the respectively. The exergetic efficiency is found to be 16% with a Coefficient of performance (COP) of 0.65. Impacts of weak solution concentration of lithium bromide on the exergy destruction rates were evaluated using parametric studies. The studies reveled an optimum concentration that could be obtained by increasing the weak solution concentration from 56% to 58.8% a net decrease in 0.4% of the exergy destruction caused by the absorption chiller can be obtained. The 2.8% increase in lithium-bromide concentration decreases the exergy destruction primarily within the absorber with a decrease of 5.1%. This increase in concentration is shown to also decrease the maximum cooling capacity by 3% and increase the exergy destruction of the generator by 4.9%. The study also shows that the increase in concentration will change the internal temperatures by 3 to 7 °C. Conversely, reducing the weak solution concentration results is also shown to increase the exergetic destruction rates while also potentially increasing the cooling capacity. View Full-Text
Keywords: district energy; district cooling; absorption chiller; exergy efficiency; single-effect absorption chiller; lithium bromide district energy; district cooling; absorption chiller; exergy efficiency; single-effect absorption chiller; lithium bromide
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lake, A.; Rezaie, B.; Beyerlein, S. Use of Exergy Analysis to Quantify the Effect of Lithium Bromide Concentration in an Absorption Chiller. Entropy 2017, 19, 156.

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