Quantum Key Distribution in the Presence of the Intercept-Resend with Faked States Attack
Graduate Department, Universidad Politécnica de Pachuca, Carretera Pachuca-Cd. Sahagún, Km. 20, Ex-Hacienda de Santa Bárbara, Municipio de Zempoala, Hidalgo 43830, Mexico
General Management, Cinvestav Querétaro, Libramiento Norponiente 2000, Real de Juriquilla, Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro 76230, Mexico
Time and Frequency Laboratory, Centro Nacional De Metrología, Carretera a Los Cués Km. 4.5, El Marqués, Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro 76246, Mexico
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: James J. Park
Received: 3 November 2016 / Revised: 15 December 2016 / Accepted: 19 December 2016 / Published: 23 December 2016
Despite the unconditionally secure theory of the Quantum Key Distribution (
), several attacks have been successfully implemented against commercial
systems. Those systems have exhibited some flaws, as the secret key rate of corresponding protocols remains unaltered, while the eavesdropper obtains the entire secret key. We propose the negative acknowledgment state quantum key distribution protocol as a novel protocol capable of detecting the eavesdropping activity of the Intercept Resend with Faked Sates (
) attack without requiring additional optical components different from the
protocol because the system can be implemented as a high software module. In this approach, the transmitter interleaves pairs of quantum states, referred to here as parallel and orthogonal states, while the receiver uses active basis selection.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style
Lizama-Pérez, L.A.; López, J.M.; De Carlos López, E. Quantum Key Distribution in the Presence of the Intercept-Resend with Faked States Attack. Entropy 2017, 19, 4.
Lizama-Pérez LA, López JM, De Carlos López E. Quantum Key Distribution in the Presence of the Intercept-Resend with Faked States Attack. Entropy. 2017; 19(1):4.
Lizama-Pérez, Luis A.; López, José M.; De Carlos López, Eduardo. 2017. "Quantum Key Distribution in the Presence of the Intercept-Resend with Faked States Attack." Entropy 19, no. 1: 4.
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