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Entropy 2016, 18(4), 117; doi:10.3390/e18040117

Entropy Generation on MHD Blood Flow of Nanofluid Due to Peristaltic Waves

1
Shanghai Key Lab of Vehicle Aerodynamics and Vehicle Thermal Management Systems, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China
2
ENN-Tongji Clean Energy Institute of Advanced Studies, Tongji University, Shanghai 200072, China
3
Shanghai Institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072, China
4
Department of Mathematics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
5
Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P. O. Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giulio Lorenzini and Omid Mahian
Received: 19 January 2016 / Revised: 24 March 2016 / Accepted: 24 March 2016 / Published: 1 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy in Nanofluids)
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Abstract

This present study describes the entropy generation on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) blood flow of a nanofluid induced by peristaltic waves. The governing equation of continuity, equation of motion, nano-particle and entropy equations are solved by neglecting the inertial forces and taking long wavelength approximation. The resulting highly non-linear coupled partial differential equation has been solved analytically with the help of perturbation method. Mathematical and graphical results of all the physical parameters for velocity, concentration, temperature, and entropy are also presented. Numerical computation has been used to evaluate the expression for the pressure rise and friction forces. Currently, magnetohydrodynamics is applicable in pumping the fluids for pulsating and non-pulsating continuous flows in different microchannel designs and it also very helpful to control the flow. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanofluid; entropy; blood flow; magnetohydrodynamics nanofluid; entropy; blood flow; magnetohydrodynamics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rashidi, M.M.; Bhatti, M.M.; Abbas, M.A.; Ali, M.E.-S. Entropy Generation on MHD Blood Flow of Nanofluid Due to Peristaltic Waves. Entropy 2016, 18, 117.

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