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Entropy 2015, 17(10), 6783-6800; doi:10.3390/e17106783

New Patterns in Steady-State Chemical Kinetics: Intersections, Coincidences, Map of Events (Two-Step Mechanism)

1
Department of Mathematical Analysis, Gent University, Galglaan 2, Gent B-9000, Belgium
2
Parks College of Engineering, Aviation and Technology, Saint Louis University, 3450 Lindell Blvd., Saint Louis, MO 63103, USA
3
Laboratory for Chemical Technology, Ghent University, Technologiepark 914, Gent B-9052, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michel Feidt, Daniel Tondeur, Jean-Noël Jaubert and Romain Privat
Received: 10 July 2015 / Revised: 22 September 2015 / Accepted: 24 September 2015 / Published: 7 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from 13th Joint European Thermodynamics Conference)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1610 KB, uploaded 8 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

New patterns of steady-state chemical kinetics for continuously stirred-tank reactors (CSTR) have been found, i.e., intersections, maxima and coincidences, for two-step mechanism A↔B→C. There were found elegant analytical relationships for characteristics of these patterns (space times, values of concentrations and rates) allowing kinetic parameters to be easily determined. It was demonstrated that for the pair of species involved into the irreversible reaction (B and C), the space time of their corresponding concentration dependence intersection is invariant and does not depend on the initial conditions of the system. Maps of patterns are presented for visualization of their combinations and ranking in space time, and values of concentration and rates. View Full-Text
Keywords: chemical kinetics; kinetic parameters; CSTR; patterns; two-step mechanism; intersections; coincidences; maxima chemical kinetics; kinetic parameters; CSTR; patterns; two-step mechanism; intersections; coincidences; maxima
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Branco Pinto, D.; Yablonsky, G.; Marin, G.B.; Constales, D. New Patterns in Steady-State Chemical Kinetics: Intersections, Coincidences, Map of Events (Two-Step Mechanism). Entropy 2015, 17, 6783-6800.

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