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Entropy 2014, 16(9), 4801-4817; doi:10.3390/e16094801

Pneumatic Performance Study of a High Pressure Ejection Device Based on Real Specific Energy and Specific Enthalpy

School of Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, Jiangsu, China
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Received: 8 May 2014 / Revised: 10 August 2014 / Accepted: 29 August 2014 / Published: 3 September 2014
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Abstract

In high-pressure dynamic thermodynamic processes, the pressure is much higher than the air critical pressure, and the temperature can deviate significantly from the Boyle temperature. In such situations, the thermo-physical properties and pneumatic performance can’t be described accurately by the ideal gas law. This paper proposes an approach to evaluate the pneumatic performance of a high-pressure air catapult launch system, in which esidual functions are used to compensate the thermal physical property uncertainties of caused by real gas effects. Compared with the Nelson-Obert generalized compressibility charts, the precision of the improved virial equation of state is better than Soave-Redlich-Kwong (S-R-K) and Peng-Robinson (P-R) equations for high pressure air. In this paper, the improved virial equation of state is further used to establish a compressibility factor database which is applied to evaluate real gas effects. The specific residual thermodynamic energy and specific residual enthalpy of the high-pressure air are also derived using the modified corresponding state equation and improved virial equation of state which are truncated to the third virial coefficient. The pneumatic equations are established on the basis of the derived residual functions. The comparison of the numerical results shows that the real gas effects are strong, and the pneumatic performance analysis indicates that the real dynamic thermodynamic process is obviously different from the ideal one. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermodynamics; residual function; specific thermodynamic energy; specific enthalpy; high pressure air; compressibility factor thermodynamics; residual function; specific thermodynamic energy; specific enthalpy; high pressure air; compressibility factor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ren, J.; Yang, F.; Ma, D.; Le, G.; Zhong, J. Pneumatic Performance Study of a High Pressure Ejection Device Based on Real Specific Energy and Specific Enthalpy. Entropy 2014, 16, 4801-4817.

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