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Entropy 2014, 16(8), 4521-4565; doi:10.3390/e16084521

Koszul Information Geometry and Souriau Geometric Temperature/Capacity of Lie Group Thermodynamics

Thales Air Systems, Advanced Radar Concepts Business Unit, Voie Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Limours F-91470, France
Received: 30 March 2014 / Revised: 11 June 2014 / Accepted: 23 June 2014 / Published: 12 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Information, Entropy and Their Geometric Structures)
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Abstract

The François Massieu 1869 idea to derive some mechanical and thermal properties of physical systems from “Characteristic Functions”, was developed by Gibbs and Duhem in thermodynamics with the concept of potentials, and introduced by Poincaré in probability. This paper deals with generalization of this Characteristic Function concept by Jean-Louis Koszul in Mathematics and by Jean-Marie Souriau in Statistical Physics. The Koszul-Vinberg Characteristic Function (KVCF) on convex cones will be presented as cornerstone of “Information Geometry” theory, defining Koszul Entropy as Legendre transform of minus the logarithm of KVCF, and Fisher Information Metrics as hessian of these dual functions, invariant by their automorphisms. In parallel, Souriau has extended the Characteristic Function in Statistical Physics looking for other kinds of invariances through co-adjoint action of a group on its momentum space, defining physical observables like energy, heat and momentum as pure geometrical objects. In covariant Souriau model, Gibbs equilibriums states are indexed by a geometric parameter, the Geometric (Planck) Temperature, with values in the Lie algebra of the dynamical Galileo/Poincaré groups, interpreted as a space-time vector, giving to the metric tensor a null Lie derivative. Fisher Information metric appears as the opposite of the derivative of Mean “Moment map” by geometric temperature, equivalent to a Geometric Capacity or Specific Heat. We will synthetize the analogies between both Koszul and Souriau models, and will reduce their definitions to the exclusive Cartan “Inner Product”. Interpreting Legendre transform as Fourier transform in (Min,+) algebra, we conclude with a definition of Entropy given by a relation mixing Fourier/Laplace transforms: Entropy = (minus) Fourier(Min,+) o Log o Laplace(+,X). View Full-Text
Keywords: Koszul-Vinberg characteristic function; Koszul forms; Koszul entropy; temperature vector; covariant thermodynamics; Souriau-Gibbs equilibrium state Koszul-Vinberg characteristic function; Koszul forms; Koszul entropy; temperature vector; covariant thermodynamics; Souriau-Gibbs equilibrium state
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Barbaresco, F. Koszul Information Geometry and Souriau Geometric Temperature/Capacity of Lie Group Thermodynamics. Entropy 2014, 16, 4521-4565.

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