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Entropy 2014, 16(8), 4489-4496; doi:10.3390/e16084489

Complexity and the Emergence of Physical Properties

1 Santa Fe Institute, 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA 2 Instituto de Investigaciones Filosóficias, SADAF, CONICET, Bulnes 642, Buenos Aires 1428, Argentina 3 Instituto de Sistemas Complejos de Valparaíso, Subida Artillería 470, Valparaíso 2340000, Chile 
Received: 30 January 2014 / Revised: 28 May 2014 / Accepted: 4 August 2014 / Published: 11 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy Methods in Guided Self-Organization)
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Using the effective complexity measure, proposed by M. Gell-Mann and S. Lloyd, we give a quantitative definition of an emergent property. We use several previous results and properties of this particular information measure closely related to the random features of the entity and its regularities.
Keywords: effective complexity; emergence; Kolmogorov complexity; entropy effective complexity; emergence; Kolmogorov complexity; entropy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Fuentes, M.A. Complexity and the Emergence of Physical Properties. Entropy 2014, 16, 4489-4496.

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