Entropy 2014, 16(4), 1969-1982; doi:10.3390/e16041969
Article

Stochastic Dynamics of Proteins and the Action of Biological Molecular Machines

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Received: 10 January 2014; in revised form: 27 February 2014 / Accepted: 25 March 2014 / Published: 1 April 2014
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Abstract: It is now well established that most if not all enzymatic proteins display a slow stochastic dynamics of transitions between a variety of conformational substates composing their native state. A hypothesis is stated that the protein conformational transition networks, as just as higher-level biological networks, the protein interaction network, and the metabolic network, have evolved in the process of self-organized criticality. Here, the criticality means that all the three classes of networks are scale-free and, moreover, display a transition from the fractal organization on a small length-scale to the small-world organization on the large length-scale. Good mathematical models of such networks are stochastic critical branching trees extended by long-range shortcuts. Biological molecular machines are proteins that operate under isothermal conditions and hence are referred to as free energy transducers. They can be formally considered as enzymes that simultaneously catalyze two chemical reactions: the free energy-donating (input) reaction and the free energy-accepting (output) one. The far-from-equilibrium degree of coupling between the output and the input reaction fluxes have been studied both theoretically and by means of the Monte Carlo simulations on model networks. For single input and output gates the degree of coupling cannot exceed unity. Study simulations of random walks on model networks involving more extended gates indicate that the case of the degree of coupling value higher than one is realized on the mentioned above critical branching trees extended by long-range shortcuts.
Keywords: protein dynamics; conformational transition networks; fractal-small world transition; fluctuation theorem; biological molecular machines; free energy transduction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kurzynski, M.; Chelminiak, P. Stochastic Dynamics of Proteins and the Action of Biological Molecular Machines. Entropy 2014, 16, 1969-1982.

AMA Style

Kurzynski M, Chelminiak P. Stochastic Dynamics of Proteins and the Action of Biological Molecular Machines. Entropy. 2014; 16(4):1969-1982.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kurzynski, Michal; Chelminiak, Przemyslaw. 2014. "Stochastic Dynamics of Proteins and the Action of Biological Molecular Machines." Entropy 16, no. 4: 1969-1982.


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