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Entropy 2014, 16(11), 6033-6041; doi:10.3390/e16116033

Effect of Atmospheric Ions on Interfacial Water

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Box 352550, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
2
Department of Bioengineering, Box 355061, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 August 2014 / Revised: 30 October 2014 / Accepted: 10 November 2014 / Published: 18 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy and EZ-Water)
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Abstract

The effect of atmospheric positivity on the electrical properties of interfacial water was explored. Interfacial, or exclusion zone (EZ) water was created in the standard way, next to a sheet of Nafion placed horizontally at the bottom of a water-filled chamber. Positive atmospheric ions were created from a high voltage source placed above the chamber. Electrical potential distribution in the interfacial water was measured using microelectrodes. We found that beyond a threshold, the positive ions diminished the magnitude of the negative electrical potential in the interfacial water, sometimes even turning it to positive. Additionally, positive ions produced by an air conditioner were observed to generate similar effects; i.e., the electrical potential shifted in the positive direction but returned to negative when the air conditioner stopped blowing. Sometimes, the effect of the positive ions from the air conditioner was strong enough to destroy the structure of interfacial water by turning the potential decidedly positive. Thus, positive air ions can compromise interfacial water negativity and may explain the known negative impact of positive ions on health. View Full-Text
Keywords: interfacial water; atmospheric ions; air ions; air conditioner interfacial water; atmospheric ions; air ions; air conditioner
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kurt Kung, C.-C.; Pollack, G.H. Effect of Atmospheric Ions on Interfacial Water. Entropy 2014, 16, 6033-6041.

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