Effect of Atmospheric Ions on Interfacial Water
AbstractThe effect of atmospheric positivity on the electrical properties of interfacial water was explored. Interfacial, or exclusion zone (EZ) water was created in the standard way, next to a sheet of Nafion placed horizontally at the bottom of a water-filled chamber. Positive atmospheric ions were created from a high voltage source placed above the chamber. Electrical potential distribution in the interfacial water was measured using microelectrodes. We found that beyond a threshold, the positive ions diminished the magnitude of the negative electrical potential in the interfacial water, sometimes even turning it to positive. Additionally, positive ions produced by an air conditioner were observed to generate similar effects; i.e., the electrical potential shifted in the positive direction but returned to negative when the air conditioner stopped blowing. Sometimes, the effect of the positive ions from the air conditioner was strong enough to destroy the structure of interfacial water by turning the potential decidedly positive. Thus, positive air ions can compromise interfacial water negativity and may explain the known negative impact of positive ions on health. View Full-Text
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Kurt Kung, C.-C.; Pollack, G.H. Effect of Atmospheric Ions on Interfacial Water. Entropy 2014, 16, 6033-6041.
Kurt Kung C-C, Pollack GH. Effect of Atmospheric Ions on Interfacial Water. Entropy. 2014; 16(11):6033-6041.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kurt Kung, Chien-Chang; Pollack, Gerald H. 2014. "Effect of Atmospheric Ions on Interfacial Water." Entropy 16, no. 11: 6033-6041.