Entropy 2012, 14(11), 2173-2191; doi:10.3390/e14112173

Life as Thermodynamic Evidence of Algorithmic Structure in Natural Environments

Received: 3 September 2012; in revised form: 29 October 2012 / Accepted: 30 October 2012 / Published: 5 November 2012
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Abstract: In evolutionary biology, attention to the relationship between stochastic organisms and their stochastic environments has leaned towards the adaptability and learning capabilities of the organisms rather than toward the properties of the environment. This article is devoted to the algorithmic aspects of the environment and its interaction with living organisms. We ask whether one may use the fact of the existence of life to establish how far nature is removed from algorithmic randomness. The paper uses a novel approach to behavioral evolutionary questions, using tools drawn from information theory, algorithmic complexity and the thermodynamics of computation to support an intuitive assumption about the near optimal structure of a physical environment that would prove conducive to the evolution and survival of organisms, and sketches the potential of these tools, at present alien to biology, that could be used in the future to address different and deeper questions. We contribute to the discussion of the algorithmic structure of natural environments and provide statistical and computational arguments for the intuitive claim that living systems would not be able to survive in completely unpredictable environments, even if adaptable and equipped with storage and learning capabilities by natural selection (brain memory or DNA).
Keywords: behavioral ecology; algorithmic randomness; computational thermodynamics; Kolmogorov–Chaitin complexity; information theory
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zenil, H.; Gershenson, C.; Marshall, J.A.R.; Rosenblueth, D.A. Life as Thermodynamic Evidence of Algorithmic Structure in Natural Environments. Entropy 2012, 14, 2173-2191.

AMA Style

Zenil H, Gershenson C, Marshall JAR, Rosenblueth DA. Life as Thermodynamic Evidence of Algorithmic Structure in Natural Environments. Entropy. 2012; 14(11):2173-2191.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zenil, Hector; Gershenson, Carlos; Marshall, James A.R.; Rosenblueth, David A. 2012. "Life as Thermodynamic Evidence of Algorithmic Structure in Natural Environments." Entropy 14, no. 11: 2173-2191.

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