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Entropy 2011, 13(2), 466-484; doi:10.3390/e13020466
Review

Primitive Membrane Formation, Characteristics and Roles in the Emergent Properties of a Protocell

 and
*
FLinT Center, Department for Physics and Chemistry, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 4230 Odense M, Denmark
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 December 2010 / Revised: 13 January 2011 / Accepted: 24 January 2011 / Published: 10 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emergence in Chemical Systems)
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Abstract

All contemporary living cells are composed of a collection of self-assembled molecular elements that by themselves are non-living but through the creation of a network exhibit the emergent properties of self-maintenance, self-reproduction, and evolution. This short review deals with the on-going research that aims at either understanding how life emerged on the early Earth or creating artificial cells assembled from a collection of small chemicals. In particular, this article focuses on the work carried out to investigate how self-assembled compartments, such as amphiphile and lipid vesicles, contribute to the emergent properties as part of a greater system.
Keywords: vesicles; liposomes; compartmentalization; protocell; artificial cells; membrane supported reaction networks vesicles; liposomes; compartmentalization; protocell; artificial cells; membrane supported reaction networks
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Maurer, S.E.; Monnard, P.-A. Primitive Membrane Formation, Characteristics and Roles in the Emergent Properties of a Protocell. Entropy 2011, 13, 466-484.

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