Next Article in Journal
Estimating Neuronal Information: Logarithmic Binning of Neuronal Inter-Spike Intervals
Next Article in Special Issue
The Nature of Stability in Replicating Systems
Previous Article in Journal
Information Theoretic Hierarchical Clustering
Previous Article in Special Issue
Complexity through Recombination: From Chemistry to Biology
Entropy 2011, 13(2), 466-484; doi:10.3390/e13020466
Review

Primitive Membrane Formation, Characteristics and Roles in the Emergent Properties of a Protocell

 and
*
Received: 23 December 2010 / Revised: 13 January 2011 / Accepted: 24 January 2011 / Published: 10 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emergence in Chemical Systems)
Download PDF [352 KB, 24 February 2015; original version 24 February 2015]

Abstract

All contemporary living cells are composed of a collection of self-assembled molecular elements that by themselves are non-living but through the creation of a network exhibit the emergent properties of self-maintenance, self-reproduction, and evolution. This short review deals with the on-going research that aims at either understanding how life emerged on the early Earth or creating artificial cells assembled from a collection of small chemicals. In particular, this article focuses on the work carried out to investigate how self-assembled compartments, such as amphiphile and lipid vesicles, contribute to the emergent properties as part of a greater system.
Keywords: vesicles; liposomes; compartmentalization; protocell; artificial cells; membrane supported reaction networks vesicles; liposomes; compartmentalization; protocell; artificial cells; membrane supported reaction networks
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Maurer, S.E.; Monnard, P.-A. Primitive Membrane Formation, Characteristics and Roles in the Emergent Properties of a Protocell. Entropy 2011, 13, 466-484.

View more citation formats

Article Metrics

Comments

Citing Articles

[Return to top]
Entropy EISSN 1099-4300 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert