Entropy 2011, 13(2), 466-484; doi:10.3390/e13020466
Review

Primitive Membrane Formation, Characteristics and Roles in the Emergent Properties of a Protocell

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Received: 23 December 2010; in revised form: 13 January 2011 / Accepted: 24 January 2011 / Published: 10 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emergence in Chemical Systems)
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Abstract: All contemporary living cells are composed of a collection of self-assembled molecular elements that by themselves are non-living but through the creation of a network exhibit the emergent properties of self-maintenance, self-reproduction, and evolution. This short review deals with the on-going research that aims at either understanding how life emerged on the early Earth or creating artificial cells assembled from a collection of small chemicals. In particular, this article focuses on the work carried out to investigate how self-assembled compartments, such as amphiphile and lipid vesicles, contribute to the emergent properties as part of a greater system.
Keywords: vesicles; liposomes; compartmentalization; protocell; artificial cells; membrane supported reaction networks
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Maurer, S.E.; Monnard, P.-A. Primitive Membrane Formation, Characteristics and Roles in the Emergent Properties of a Protocell. Entropy 2011, 13, 466-484.

AMA Style

Maurer SE, Monnard P-A. Primitive Membrane Formation, Characteristics and Roles in the Emergent Properties of a Protocell. Entropy. 2011; 13(2):466-484.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maurer, Sarah Elizabeth; Monnard, Pierre-Alain. 2011. "Primitive Membrane Formation, Characteristics and Roles in the Emergent Properties of a Protocell." Entropy 13, no. 2: 466-484.


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