Entropy 2010, 12(11), 2268-2307; doi:10.3390/e12112268

Using Quantum Computers for Quantum Simulation

1 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK 2 National Institute of Informatics, 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 101-8430, Japan 3 NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 3-1 Morinosato-Wakamiya, Atsugi-shi, Kanagawa-ken 243-0198, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 October 2010; in revised form: 2 November 2010 / Accepted: 10 November 2010 / Published: 15 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quantum Information)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [226 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 16 November 2010 09:12 CET]
The original version is still available [299 KB, uploaded 15 November 2010 15:45 CET]
Abstract: Numerical simulation of quantum systems is crucial to further our understanding of natural phenomena. Many systems of key interest and importance, in areas such as superconducting materials and quantum chemistry, are thought to be described by models which we cannot solve with sufficient accuracy, neither analytically nor numerically with classical computers. Using a quantum computer to simulate such quantum systems has been viewed as a key application of quantum computation from the very beginning of the field in the 1980s. Moreover, useful results beyond the reach of classical computation are expected to be accessible with fewer than a hundred qubits, making quantum simulation potentially one of the earliest practical applications of quantum computers. In this paper we survey the theoretical and experimental development of quantum simulation using quantum computers, from the first ideas to the intense research efforts currently underway.
Keywords: quantum simulation; quantum computation; quantum information

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Brown, K.L.; Munro, W.J.; Kendon, V.M. Using Quantum Computers for Quantum Simulation. Entropy 2010, 12, 2268-2307.

AMA Style

Brown KL, Munro WJ, Kendon VM. Using Quantum Computers for Quantum Simulation. Entropy. 2010; 12(11):2268-2307.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brown, Katherine L.; Munro, William J.; Kendon, Vivien M. 2010. "Using Quantum Computers for Quantum Simulation." Entropy 12, no. 11: 2268-2307.

Entropy EISSN 1099-4300 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert