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Modeling Electric Discharges with Entropy Production Rate Principles
ABB Schweiz AG, Corporate Research, Segelhofstrasse 1, CH-5405 Baden-Dättwil, Switzerland
Received: 29 October 2009; Accepted: 1 December 2009 / Published: 8 December 2009
Abstract: Under which circumstances are variational principles based on entropy production rate useful tools for modeling steady states of electric (gas) discharge systems far from equilibrium? It is first shown how various different approaches, as Steenbeck’s minimum voltage and Prigogine’s minimum entropy production rate principles are related to the maximum entropy production rate principle (MEPP). Secondly, three typical examples are discussed, which provide a certain insight in the structure of the models that are candidates for MEPP application. It is then thirdly argued that MEPP, although not being an exact physical law, may provide reasonable model parameter estimates, provided the constraints contain the relevant (nonlinear) physical effects and the parameters to be determined are related to disregarded weak constraints that affect mainly global entropy production. Finally, it is additionally conjectured that a further reason for the success of MEPP in certain far from equilibrium systems might be based on a hidden linearity of the underlying kinetic equation(s).
Keywords: entropy production rate principles; Steenbeck principle; Prigogine principle; electric arc; charge injection
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MDPI and ACS Style
Christen, T. Modeling Electric Discharges with Entropy Production Rate Principles. Entropy 2009, 11, 1042-1054.
Christen T. Modeling Electric Discharges with Entropy Production Rate Principles. Entropy. 2009; 11(4):1042-1054.
Christen, Thomas. 2009. "Modeling Electric Discharges with Entropy Production Rate Principles." Entropy 11, no. 4: 1042-1054.