Design of Alloy Metals for Low-Mass Structures

Edited by
July 2020
458 pages
  • ISBN978-3-03936-158-8 (Paperback)
  • ISBN978-3-03936-159-5 (PDF)

This book is a reprint of the Special Issue Design of Alloy Metals for Low-Mass Structures that was published in

Chemistry & Materials Science
Physical Sciences

Nowadays, 25% of materials used are metals, and this ratio is not expected to decrease, as metals are indispensable for many applications due to their high resistance to temperature. The only handicap of metals is their relatively higher density with respect to composites. Lightening of metallic structures is possible in three ways: (i) employing low density metals, (ii) developing new ones, and (iii) increasing the yield strength of existing high-density metals. The Laboratory of Excellence of the Lorraine University in France, called ‘Design of Alloy Metals for Low-Mass Structures’, is working to lighten metal via metallurgical means. Two leading research laboratories compose this Laboratory of Excellence within the Lorraine University: the Laboratory of Microstructure Studies and Mechanics of Materials (LEM3), based in Metz, and the Jean Lamour Institute (IJL), located in Nancy. In this Special Issue, they report on some of their major progress in the different fields of metallurgy and mechanics of metallic materials. There are articles in the three major fields of metallurgy: physical, chemical, and mechanical metallurgy. All scales are covered, from atomistic studies to real-scale metallic structures.

  • Paperback
© 2020 by the authors; CC BY-NC-ND license
Pd–10Au alloy; shear compression; texture; grain boundary sliding; TiAl alloys; dislocation; twinning; nanoindentation; ECCI; disconnection density; displacement discontinuity; crack nucleation; crack opening displacement; digital image correlation; Al-Cu-Li alloys; titanium aluminides; grain refinement; solidification; inoculation; TWIP steel; ECAP; deformation twinning; texture; VPSC; simulation; industrial ingot; steel; dendritic grain size; titanium; strain hardening; anisotropy; strain heterogeneity; acoustic emission; statistical analysis; collective dislocation dynamics; steel; Q&P; transition carbide; precipitation; HEXRD; TEM; grain size; texture; crystal plasticity; elasto-visco-plastic self-consistent (EVPSC) scheme; hardening; dislocation density; titanium; ironmaking; direct reduction; iron ore; DRI; shaft furnace; mathematical model; simulation; CO2 emissions; lattice structures; porous materials; 3D surface maps; finite element; fatigue; plasticity; steel ladle; non-metallic inclusions; simulation; aggregation; lateral extrusion ratio; Finite Element (FE) simulation; analytical modelling; plastic flow machining; back pressure; polycrystalline β-Ti; elastic anisotropy; elastic/plastic incompatibilities; elasto-viscoplastic self-consistent scheme (EVPSC); slip activity; microsegregation; gas tungsten arc welding; directional solidification; FM52 filler metal; ERNiCrFe-7; tip undercooling; rolling; asymmetric ratio; texture; thickness reduction per pass; grain refinement; steel; magnesium powders; HPT consolidation; microstructure; hardness; H-activation; high entropy alloy; crystallographic texture; groove rolling; elastic properties; crystal plasticity; non-Schmid effects; Taylor multiscale scheme; localized necking; bifurcation theory; excess nitrogen; clusters precipitation; Fe–Si and Fe–Cr nitrided alloys; APT and TEM characterization; metal matrix composite; in situ X-ray diffraction; internal stresses; phase transformation; microstructure; nickel-based single crystal superalloy; lattice mismatch; in situ experiments; X-ray diffractometry; creep; dislocations; diffraction; fast Fourier transform (FFT)-based method; discrete green operator; voxelization artifacts; sub-voxel method; simulated diffraction peaks; scattered intensity; shape memory alloys; architected cellular material; numerical homogenization; multiscale finite element method; steel; bainite; martensite; isothermal treatment; mechanical properties; austenite reconstruction; variant; magnesium; twinning; hardening; dislocations; crystal plasticity; self consistent methods; modeling; simulation; ironmaking; direct reduction; iron ore; DRI; shaft furnace; mathematical model; heterogeneous kinetics; heat and mass transfer