Micronutrients Intake and Status during Pregnancy and Lactation

Edited by
April 2019
152 pages
  • ISBN978-3-03897-840-4 (Paperback)
  • ISBN978-3-03897-841-1 (PDF)

This book is a reprint of the Special Issue Micronutrients Intake and Status during Pregnancy and Lactation that was published in

Medicine & Pharmacology
Public Health & Healthcare

Optimal nutrition is important during pregnancy and lactation for the health of both the mother and infant. Chronic deficiencies of both macronutrients and micronutrients are well established in developing countries. Although in developed countries overconsumption of macronutrients is a major issue, micronutrient deficiencies which occur concomitantly are no less of a concern. Furthermore in developed countries there is also the risk of excessive micronutrient intake from dietary supplements. Micronutrients have a role in fetal and neonatal health and also health in later life. Micronutrient deficiency or toxicity during pregnancy or early life can permanently affect developing tissues, resulting in adverse growth and development of the infant which is associated with chronic diseases in adulthood. An aberrant micronutrient intake during pregnancy or lactation can also have detrimental effect on the mother both in the neonatal period and in later life.

  • Paperback
License and Copyright
© 2019 by the authors; CC BY-NC-ND license
iodine; supplements; pregnant; lactating; women of reproductive age; pregnancy; dietary intakes; energy intakes; supplements; dietary reference intakes (DRIs); pregnancy; vitamin D; gestational duration; birth cohort; prenatal iron and folic acid (IFA) supplements; low birth weight; maternal anemia; Malawi; vitamin D; neonate anthropometry; fetal growth; maternal; infant; body mass index; gestational diabetes; placenta; folic acid; selenium; pregnancy; lactation; breastfeeding; infants; linear programming; food-based recommendations; Optifood; micronutrient; deficiency; dietary intake; pregnant; lactation; women; elemental metabolomics; trace elements; pregnancy; micronutrition; serum 25-OHD; pregnancy; developmental origins of health and disease; bone health