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J. Compos. Sci. 2017, 1(2), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs1020018

Investigation of Quasi-Static and Dynamic Material Properties of a Structural Sheet Molding Compound Combined with Acoustic Emission Damage Analysis

Institute for Applied Materials, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
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Received: 28 October 2017 / Revised: 3 December 2017 / Accepted: 11 December 2017 / Published: 14 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Discontinuous Fiber Composites)
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Abstract

Sheet molding compounds (SMC) are discontinuously fiber-reinforced thermosets, attractive to the automotive industry due to their outstanding specific strength and stiffness, combined with a cost efficient manufacturing process. Increasingly important for structural components, a structural SMC-based improved resin formulation featuring no fillers is investigated in this study. The influence of fiber volume content, fiber length, and manufacturing induced fiber orientation on quasi-static and dynamic mechanical properties of vinylester-based SMC is characterized. Stiffness and strength increased with increasing fiber volume content for tensile, compression, and flexural loadings. Fiber length distribution did not significantly influence the mechanical properties of the material. The movement of the conveyor belt leads to an anisotropic fiber orientation and orientation-dependent mechanical properties. Acoustic emission coupled with machine learning algorithms enabled the investigation of the damage mechanisms of this discontinuous glass fiber SMC. The acoustic emission analysis was validated with micro computed tomography of damaged specimens. The dominant failure mechanisms of the SMC exposed to bending loading were matrix cracking and interface failure. View Full-Text
Keywords: mechanical characterization; sheet molding compound; fiber volume content; fiber length; fiber orientation; micro computed tomography (µCT) analysis; acoustic emission; failure mechanisms mechanical characterization; sheet molding compound; fiber volume content; fiber length; fiber orientation; micro computed tomography (µCT) analysis; acoustic emission; failure mechanisms
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Trauth, A.; Pinter, P.; Weidenmann, K.A. Investigation of Quasi-Static and Dynamic Material Properties of a Structural Sheet Molding Compound Combined with Acoustic Emission Damage Analysis. J. Compos. Sci. 2017, 1, 18.

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