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J. Compos. Sci. 2017, 1(1), 8; doi:10.3390/jcs1010008

Fused Deposition Modelling of Natural Fibre/Polylactic Acid Composites

Department of Engineering, University of Waikato, Gate 1 Knighten Road, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand
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Received: 16 June 2017 / Revised: 9 August 2017 / Accepted: 11 August 2017 / Published: 14 August 2017
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Abstract

Fused deposition modelling is a simple additive manufacturing technology utilising fine filament extrusion of predominantly thermoplastic materials to build 3D objects layer by layer. This research explores the feasibility and the factors involved in using fused deposition modelling to produce natural fibre reinforced composite components. Uniform 3-mm filaments of both hemp and harakeke (Phormium tenax) in varying weight percentages within polylactic acid (PLA) polymer were successfully produced and used to print tensile test samples. Tensile test results supported harakeke to be a useful fibre in terms of mechanical properties achieved which surpassed the Young’s modulus and tensile strength of plain PLA samples by 42.3% and 5.4%, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D printing; natural fibres; composites; fused deposition modelling 3D printing; natural fibres; composites; fused deposition modelling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Stoof, D.; Pickering, K.; Zhang, Y. Fused Deposition Modelling of Natural Fibre/Polylactic Acid Composites. J. Compos. Sci. 2017, 1, 8.

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J. Compos. Sci. EISSN 2504-477X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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