Pearl-Chain Formation of Discontinuous Carbon Fiber under an Electrical Field
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to develop a theoretical derivation on aligning discontinuous carbon fiber with an applied electric field, and prove the theory with experiment. A principle with regard to the occurrence of carbon fiber alignment is presented after an introduction of the electromechanical quantities of dielectrics. Based on this principle, an estimation of the polarizability tensor is employed to calculate the required electric field to achieve fiber alignment in liquid solution (e.g., water, resin, etc.). Individual carbon fiber is modeled as a polarizable dielectric cylinder in liquid resin and its motion under direct current (DC) electrical field is decomposed into a polarization effect and rotation effect. A value of 20.12 V/mm is required to align short carbon fibers (0.15 mm) long in liquid resin and is experimentally validated. Finally, an expression to include weight percentage as a means of controlling pearl-chain formation is derived to change the composite’s electrical conductivity. View Full-Text
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Daniel, J.; Ju, L.; Yang, J.; Sun, X.; Gupta, N.; Schrand, A.; Xu, C. Pearl-Chain Formation of Discontinuous Carbon Fiber under an Electrical Field. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2017, 1, 22.
Daniel J, Ju L, Yang J, Sun X, Gupta N, Schrand A, Xu C. Pearl-Chain Formation of Discontinuous Carbon Fiber under an Electrical Field. Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing. 2017; 1(2):22.Chicago/Turabian Style
Daniel, Justin; Ju, Licheng; Yang, Jinshan; Sun, Xiangzhen; Gupta, Nikhil; Schrand, Amanda; Xu, Chengying. 2017. "Pearl-Chain Formation of Discontinuous Carbon Fiber under an Electrical Field." J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 1, no. 2: 22.
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