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Proceedings 2018, 2(15), 1134; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2151134

Model-Based Optimal Control of Window Openings for Thermal Comfort

School of Engineering, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AA, UK
Presented at the Sustainable Places 2018 (SP 2018), Aix-les Bains, France, 27–29 June 2018.
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Published: 27 August 2018
PDF [309 KB, uploaded 27 August 2018]

Abstract

Passive cooling via natural ventilation through window openings is a low-carbon strategy to minimize cooling demand and to adapt to the rising ambient temperatures due to climate change. However, relying on the manual control of windows by occupants is not always optimal for maintaining indoor thermal comfort. In this study, a model-based approach using dynamic thermal simulation program EnergyPlus is used for the optimal control of window openings to maintain indoor thermal comfort. Based on the day-ahead weather forecast, the window opening schedule for the next 24 h is optimized through iteration. Results indicate that the proposed optimal control method significantly improves indoor thermal comfort than using some most commonly used manual control and automated control based on hourly set-point and outdoor temperatures.
Keywords: window openings; optimal control; thermal comfort; UK dwellings window openings; optimal control; thermal comfort; UK dwellings
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Weng, K.; Meng, F.; Mourshed, M. Model-Based Optimal Control of Window Openings for Thermal Comfort. Proceedings 2018, 2, 1134.

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