Health Monitoring of Composite Structures via MEMS Sensor Networks: Numerical and Experimental Results†
AbstractLaminated composites often develop hidden damages, e.g., delamination. Such events can be effectively sensed through embedded structural health monitoring (SHM) systems, taking advantage of the interlaminar regions to place sensors; experimental campaigns proved that this approach may turn out to increase the sensitivity to small defects and reduce the remaining lifetime of the structure. In former studies, we proposed the adoption of a surface-mounted SHM system based on (inertial) MEMS sensors, which has the advantages of low cost and of suppressing the mentioned effects on lightweight structures. On the other hand, the relatively low accuracy of MEMS sensors may hinder reliable monitoring of the system state; this can be overcome through redundancy and an efficient sensor placement. An automatic approach is presented to define the optimal topology of a network featuring a limited number of sensors, wherein the extent and location of stiffness degradation due to damage are assumed to be unknown. The goal of the optimization procedure is to maximize the overall sensitivity to damage of the measurements collected through the whole SHM system. The method has been implemented in a multi-scale frame, to efficiently handle sensors, damaged regions and structural components of different sizes. Although based on deterministic modeling, results are provided to show how measurement noise can be dealt with; a comparison with a stochastic approach based on Bayesian experimental design is provided too. Experimental data collected by testing composite specimens and panels are finally discussed, to assess the identifiability of damage through the collected (noisy) measurements.
Share & Cite This Article
Mariani, S.; Capellari, G.; Caimmi, F.; Bruggi, M. Health Monitoring of Composite Structures via MEMS Sensor Networks: Numerical and Experimental Results. Proceedings 2017, 1, 749.
Mariani S, Capellari G, Caimmi F, Bruggi M. Health Monitoring of Composite Structures via MEMS Sensor Networks: Numerical and Experimental Results. Proceedings. 2017; 1(8):749.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mariani, Stefano; Capellari, Giovanni; Caimmi, Francesco; Bruggi, Matteo. 2017. "Health Monitoring of Composite Structures via MEMS Sensor Networks: Numerical and Experimental Results." Proceedings 1, no. 8: 749.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.