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Proceedings 2017, 1(8), 760; doi:10.3390/proceedings1080760

Redox Cycling Realized in Paper-Based Electrochemical Biosensor for Highly-Selective Detection of Potassium Ferrocyanide in the Presence of Ascorbic Acid

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan
Presented at the 5th International Symposium on Sensor Science (I3S 2017), Barcelona, Spain, 27–29 September 2017.
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Published: 4 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Sensor Science (I3S 2017))
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Redox cycling is a phenomenon that occurs for redox species due to close interelectrode distance. Two electrodes, the generator electrode (GE) and the collector electrode (CE), can detect steady-state current which are oxidation and reduction current when those are held at oxidation and reduction potential. Using redox cycling, redox species such as dopamine can be measured in the presence of interfering irreversible species [1–3]. However, redox cycling needs expensive micro-fabrication process for electrode arrangement. In this work, we show detection of potassium ferrocyanide (Ferro) in the presence of ascorbic acid under redox cycling condition using paper-based biochemical sensor (PBBS). PBBS has a feature which defines the interelectrode distance by the thickness of paper (180 µm) without any micro-fabrication process [4]. To define the interelesctrode distance, we sandwiched chromatography paper (ChrPr) between two gold plates (5 mm × 10 mm) acting as GE and CE. Mixed solutions were prepared by adding Ferro (0, 1, 3, 6, 10 mM) to phosphate buffered saline (PBS) in the presence or absence of 10 mM L(+)-Ascorbic Acid Sodium Solt (L-AAS). Ferro and L-AAS are known as reversible and irreversible species, respectively. Measurements of each solution were performed through chronoamperometry (CA) technique by applying constant oxidation potential (+500 mV) and reduction potential (−200 mV) to GE and CE, respectively. As a result, we obtained the reduction current from Ferro, not from L-AAS. These results indicated that the electrochemical current flowing through CE were due to electron transfer to the redox species. Steady-state current of mixtures obtained in CE were in agreement with the result of Ferro solution. Thus, these experimental results indicate that our sensor can selectively detect reversible redox species by excluding the interfering irreversible species. This study suggests potential applications such as the measurement of dopamine.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yamamoto, S.; Uno, S. Redox Cycling Realized in Paper-Based Electrochemical Biosensor for Highly-Selective Detection of Potassium Ferrocyanide in the Presence of Ascorbic Acid. Proceedings 2017, 1, 760.

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