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Proceedings 2017, 1(5), 197; doi:10.3390/ecas2017-04153

SO2 and Aerosol Evolution over the Very Clear Atmosphere at the Argentina Andes Range Sites of San Antonio de Los Cobres and El Leoncito

1
Grupo Física de la Atmósfera, Radiación Solar y Astropartículas, Instituto de Física Rosario, CONICET—Universidad Nacional de Rosario, 2000 Rosario, Argentina
2
Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, 2000 Rosario, Argentina
3
ITeDAM (CNEA-CONICET-UNSAM), UTN Facultad Mendoza, Lab. Pierre Auger, 5500 Mendoza, Argentina
4
Laboratorio de Eficiencia Energética, Sustentabilidad y Cambio Climático, IMAE, FCEIA, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, 2000 Rosario, Argentina
Presented at the 2nd International Electronic Conference on Atmospheric Sciences, 16–31 July 2017; Available online: http://sciforum.net/conference/ecas2017.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Published: 17 July 2017
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Abstract

The atmosphere at North-Central Argentina Andes range is exceptionally clear for the placement of astrophysical/astronomical/solar observatories (Piacentini et al., Advances Space Research, 2016). However, this region is part of the Pacific fire belt, due to the large number of active volcanoes. Consequently, the possibility of having strong sporadic emissions of different gases and aerosols needs to be investigated. In the present work, we analyze in particular the SO2 trace gas, since it can affect significantly the solar UVB (280–320 nm) radiation. Also, particulate matter can attenuate this radiation in the UV-visible ranges. One of the most significant contributions to volcanic eruptions that could arrive at the selected San Antonio de los Cobres (SAC) location is the near Lascar volcano. We used satellite images form the OMI/KMNI/Aura/NASA satellite instrument, for deriving the intensity of the eruption at the SAC geographical point. An important eruption was that of the Puyehue/ Cordón Caulle volcanic complex at Chile Patagonia, in June 2011. No significant influence on the other selected El Leoncito (LEO) location was registered. We present aerosol optical depth (AOD550) satellite data obtained with the Deep Blue Level 2 data provided by the SeaWiFS/SeaStar/NASA satellite instrument for SAC and LEO places, showing that AOD550 for the whole period is extremely low (0.0262 for SAC and 0.0266 for LEO). We also present ground atmospheric aerosol concentration measurements as a function of aerosol diameter with a high quality GRIMM laser instrument for some days of campaign performed in those sites.
Keywords: SO2; aerosol; atmosphere; Argentina; Andes; volcanic eruption; San Antonio de los Cobres; El Leoncito SO2; aerosol; atmosphere; Argentina; Andes; volcanic eruption; San Antonio de los Cobres; El Leoncito
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Della Ceca, L.S.; Micheletti, M.I.; Freire, M.M.; García, B.; Piacentini, R.D. SO2 and Aerosol Evolution over the Very Clear Atmosphere at the Argentina Andes Range Sites of San Antonio de Los Cobres and El Leoncito. Proceedings 2017, 1, 197.

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