A Machine Learning Approach for Air Quality Prediction: Model Regularization and Optimization
Department of Computer Science, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
Department of Management Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 December 2017 / Revised: 16 February 2018 / Accepted: 19 February 2018 / Published: 24 February 2018
In this paper, we tackle air quality forecasting by using machine learning approaches to predict the hourly concentration of air pollutants (e.g., ozone, particle matter (
) and sulfur dioxide). Machine learning, as one of the most popular techniques, is able to efficiently train a model on big data by using large-scale optimization algorithms. Although there exist some works applying machine learning to air quality prediction, most of the prior studies are restricted to several-year data and simply train standard regression models (linear or nonlinear) to predict the hourly air pollution concentration. In this work, we propose refined models to predict the hourly air pollution concentration on the basis of meteorological data of previous days by formulating the prediction over 24 h as a multi-task learning (MTL) problem. This enables us to select a good model with different regularization techniques. We propose a useful regularization by enforcing the prediction models of consecutive hours to be close to each other and compare it with several typical regularizations for MTL, including standard Frobenius norm regularization, nuclear norm regularization, and
-norm regularization. Our experiments have showed that the proposed parameter-reducing formulations and consecutive-hour-related regularizations achieve better performance than existing standard regression models and existing regularizations.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style
Zhu, D.; Cai, C.; Yang, T.; Zhou, X. A Machine Learning Approach for Air Quality Prediction: Model Regularization and Optimization. Big Data Cogn. Comput. 2018, 2, 5.
Zhu D, Cai C, Yang T, Zhou X. A Machine Learning Approach for Air Quality Prediction: Model Regularization and Optimization. Big Data and Cognitive Computing. 2018; 2(1):5.
Zhu, Dixian; Cai, Changjie; Yang, Tianbao; Zhou, Xun. 2018. "A Machine Learning Approach for Air Quality Prediction: Model Regularization and Optimization." Big Data Cogn. Comput. 2, no. 1: 5.
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