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Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3(1), 4; doi:10.3390/tropicalmed3010004

Mosquitoes and the Lymphatic Filarial Parasites: Research Trends and Budding Roadmaps to Future Disease Eradication

Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine of the University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos 100254, Nigeria
Received: 18 December 2017 / Revised: 26 December 2017 / Accepted: 27 December 2017 / Published: 4 January 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [239 KB, uploaded 4 January 2018]

Abstract

The mosquito-borne lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a parasitic, neglected tropical disease that imposes an unbearable human scourge. Despite the unprecedented efforts in mass drug administration (MDA) and morbidity management, achieving the global LF elimination slated for the year 2020 has been thwarted by limited MDA coverage and ineffectiveness in the chemotherapeutic intervention. Moreover, successful and sustainable elimination of mosquito-vectored diseases is often encumbered by reintroduction and resurgence emanating from human residual or new infections being widely disseminated by the vectors even when chemotherapy proves effective, but especially in the absence of effective vaccines. This created impetus for strengthening the current defective mosquito control approach, and profound research in vector–pathogen systems and vector biology has been pushing the boundaries of ideas towards developing refined vector-harnessed control strategies. Eventual implementation of these emerging concepts will offer a synergistic approach that will not only accelerate LF elimination, but also augurs well for its future eradication. This brief review focuses on advances in mosquito–filaria research and considers the emerging prospects for future eradication of LF. View Full-Text
Keywords: mosquitoes; filarial parasites; vector–parasite system; lymphatic filariasis; eradication mosquitoes; filarial parasites; vector–parasite system; lymphatic filariasis; eradication
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Famakinde, D.O. Mosquitoes and the Lymphatic Filarial Parasites: Research Trends and Budding Roadmaps to Future Disease Eradication. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3, 4.

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