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Vision 2017, 1(2), 11; doi:10.3390/vision1020011

Targeting the P2X7 Receptor in Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan, 1000 Wall Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA
Academic Editor: Tetsuya Sugiyama
Received: 20 October 2016 / Revised: 30 March 2017 / Accepted: 30 March 2017 / Published: 31 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Purinergic Receptors in the Eye)
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Abstract

The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is a membrane receptor for the extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP). It functions as a ligand-gated non-selective cation channel and can mediate formation of a large non-selective membrane pore. Activation of the P2X7R induces multiple downstream events, including oxidative stress, inflammatory responses and cell death. Although the P2X7R has been identified in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and different layers of retina, its biological and pathological functions as well as its downstream signaling pathways in the RPE and retina are not yet fully understood. Better understanding of the function of P2X7R in the RPE and retina under normal and disease states might lead to novel therapeutic targets in retinal diseases, including age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This brief review will mainly focus on recent findings on in vitro and in vivo evidence for the role of the P2X7R in the RPE and AMD. View Full-Text
Keywords: P2X7 receptor; age-related macular degeneration (AMD); retinal pigment epithelium; mononuclear phagocyte P2X7 receptor; age-related macular degeneration (AMD); retinal pigment epithelium; mononuclear phagocyte
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yang, D. Targeting the P2X7 Receptor in Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Vision 2017, 1, 11.

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