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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2017, 2(4), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk2040038

Long-Term Benefits of Adapted Physical Activity on Upper Limb Performance and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors

1
Italian League Against Tumors (LILT), Cancer Rehabilitation Center (Ce.Ri.On.), 50139 Florence, Italy
2
Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Section of Anatomy and Histology, University of Florence, 50134 Florence, Italy
3
Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute (ISPO), 50141 Florence, Italy
4
Cancer Prevention and Research Institute (ISPO), Cancer Rehabilitation Center (Ce.Ri.On), 50139 Florence, Italy
5
Department of Biosciences and Territory, University of Molise, 86090 Pesche, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 July 2017 / Revised: 18 September 2017 / Accepted: 12 October 2017 / Published: 16 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tailored Exercise in Patients with Chronic Diseases 2017)
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Abstract

Current evidence suggests that physical activity interventions can improve quality of life, fitness, and strength, reducing depression and fatigue in breast cancer survivors. However, in the long-term many survivors are insufficiently active. Here, the possible long-term benefits of a specific adapted physical activity (APA) intervention on upper limb functional performance and quality of life in breast cancer survivors were investigated. For this purpose, fifteen survivors were assessed by fitness tests (shoulder-arm mobility, range of motion, back flexibility) at the baseline and at eight weeks post-APA intervention. Quality of life and surgical shoulder and back pain intensity were evaluated by Short Form-12 and numerical rating scale questionnaires, respectively. Five participants, who continued to follow the APA protocol over time, were again evaluated after two years and compared to either five women who were inactive or five others who practiced general physical activity after ending the eight-week APA protocol. Shoulder-arm mobility and self-reported questionnaire data revealed the maintenance and/or improvement of the achieved benefits two years after the APA intervention. Our findings suggest that the long-term practice of APA tailored to individual characteristics should be recommended to breast cancer survivors in order to preserve quality of life and fitness. View Full-Text
Keywords: adapted physical activity; functional performance; quality of life; breast cancer survivors adapted physical activity; functional performance; quality of life; breast cancer survivors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mirandola, D.; Monaci, M.; Miccinesi, G.; Ventura, L.; Muraca, M.G.; Casini, E.; Sgambati, E.; Manetti, M.; Marini, M. Long-Term Benefits of Adapted Physical Activity on Upper Limb Performance and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2017, 2, 38.

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