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Inventions 2018, 3(2), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions3020024

Towards High Productivity in Precision Grinding

General Engineering Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 3AF, UK
Received: 18 March 2018 / Revised: 3 April 2018 / Accepted: 10 April 2018 / Published: 12 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modern Grinding Technology and Systems)
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Abstract

Over the last century, substantial advances have been made, based on improved understanding of the requirements of grinding processes, machines, control systems, materials, abrasives, wheel preparation, coolants, lubricants, and coolant delivery. This paper reviews a selection of areas in which the application of scientific principles and engineering ingenuity has led to the development of new grinding processes, abrasives, tools, machines, and systems. Topics feature a selection of areas where relationships between scientific principles and new techniques are yielding improved productivity and better quality. These examples point towards further advances that can fruitfully be pursued. Applications in modern grinding technology range from high-precision kinematics for grinding very large lenses and reflectors through to medium size grinding machine processes and further down to grinding very small components used in micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) devices. The importance of material issues is emphasized for the range of conventional engineering steels, through to aerospace materials, ceramics, and composites. It is suggested that future advances in productivity will include the wider application of artificial intelligence and robotics to improve precision, process efficiency, and features required to integrate grinding processes into wider manufacturing systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: grinding; processes; wheels; machines; systems; control; removal rates; precision; sensors; micro-grinding; coolant; lubrication; coolant delivery grinding; processes; wheels; machines; systems; control; removal rates; precision; sensors; micro-grinding; coolant; lubrication; coolant delivery
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Rowe, W.B. Towards High Productivity in Precision Grinding. Inventions 2018, 3, 24.

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