Neutron Imaging at LANSCE—From Cold to Ultrafast
AbstractIn recent years, neutron radiography and tomography have been applied at different beam lines at Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE), covering a very wide neutron energy range. The field of energy-resolved neutron imaging with epi-thermal neutrons, utilizing neutron absorption resonances for contrast as well as quantitative density measurements, was pioneered at the Target 1 (Lujan center), Flight Path 5 beam line and continues to be refined. Applications include: imaging of metallic and ceramic nuclear fuels, fission gas measurements, tomography of fossils and studies of dopants in scintillators. The technique provides the ability to characterize materials opaque to thermal neutrons and to utilize neutron resonance analysis codes to quantify isotopes to within 0.1 atom %. The latter also allows measuring fuel enrichment levels or the pressure of fission gas remotely. More recently, the cold neutron spectrum at the ASTERIX beam line, also located at Target 1, was used to demonstrate phase contrast imaging with pulsed neutrons. This extends the capabilities for imaging of thin and transparent materials at LANSCE. In contrast, high-energy neutron imaging at LANSCE, using unmoderated fast spallation neutrons from Target 4 [Weapons Neutron Research (WNR) facility] has been developed for applications in imaging of dense, thick objects. Using fast (ns), time-of-flight imaging, enables testing and developing imaging at specific, selected MeV neutron energies. The 4FP-60R beam line has been reconfigured with increased shielding and new, larger collimation dedicated to fast neutron imaging. The exploration of ways in which pulsed neutron beams and the time-of-flight method can provide additional benefits is continuing. We will describe the facilities and instruments, present application examples and recent results of all these efforts at LANSCE. View Full-Text
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Nelson, R.O.; Vogel, S.C.; Hunter, J.F.; Watkins, E.B.; Losko, A.S.; Tremsin, A.S.; Borges, N.P.; Cutler, T.E.; Dickman, L.T.; Espy, M.A.; Gautier, D.C.; Madden, A.C.; Majewski, J.; Malone, M.W.; Mayo, D.R.; McClellan, K.J.; Montgomery, D.S.; Mosby, S.M.; Nelson, A.T.; Ramos, K.J.; Schirato, R.C.; Schroeder, K.; Sevanto, S.A.; Swift, A.L.; Vo, L.K.; Williamson, T.E.; Winch, N.M. Neutron Imaging at LANSCE—From Cold to Ultrafast. J. Imaging 2018, 4, 45.
Nelson RO, Vogel SC, Hunter JF, Watkins EB, Losko AS, Tremsin AS, Borges NP, Cutler TE, Dickman LT, Espy MA, Gautier DC, Madden AC, Majewski J, Malone MW, Mayo DR, McClellan KJ, Montgomery DS, Mosby SM, Nelson AT, Ramos KJ, Schirato RC, Schroeder K, Sevanto SA, Swift AL, Vo LK, Williamson TE, Winch NM. Neutron Imaging at LANSCE—From Cold to Ultrafast. Journal of Imaging. 2018; 4(2):45.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nelson, Ronald O.; Vogel, Sven C.; Hunter, James F.; Watkins, Erik B.; Losko, Adrian S.; Tremsin, Anton S.; Borges, Nicholas P.; Cutler, Theresa E.; Dickman, Lee T.; Espy, Michelle A.; Gautier, Donald C.; Madden, Amanda C.; Majewski, Jaroslaw; Malone, Michael W.; Mayo, Douglas R.; McClellan, Kenneth J.; Montgomery, David S.; Mosby, Shea M.; Nelson, Andrew T.; Ramos, Kyle J.; Schirato, Richard C.; Schroeder, Katlin; Sevanto, Sanna A.; Swift, Alicia L.; Vo, Long K.; Williamson, Thomas E.; Winch, Nicola M. 2018. "Neutron Imaging at LANSCE—From Cold to Ultrafast." J. Imaging 4, no. 2: 45.