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Recycling 2017, 2(3), 12; doi:10.3390/recycling2030012

Effects of Australian Economic Activities on Waste Generation and Treatment

1
Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Mawson Lakes Campus, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, SA 5095, Australia
2
Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Sciences, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 June 2017 / Revised: 26 July 2017 / Accepted: 26 July 2017 / Published: 31 July 2017
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Abstract

Understanding the relationships between the Australian economic system and waste generation from intermediate sectors and households is a prerequisite for planning and implementing waste management strategies at a national scale. Data of waste generation accounts link to those of national economic accounts. However, in Australia, some years’ data are absent and so these links cannot be made. To rectify this data gap, this paper interpolates and extrapolates the Australian input-output table (IOT) of 2010–2011. Waste input-output (WIO) analysis is then used to assess the effects of the Australian economy on waste generation and treatment between 2009–2010 and 2010–2011. Analysis indicated that the result of interpolation was more reasonable than that of extrapolation, and the interpolation of the Australian IOT of 2010–2011 can be applicable. This comparative analysis of the time series data in WIO model has identified that: (1) per million $AUD of output of the Construction sector generated the most amount of direct and total waste during the period; (2) the relationships between the development of Australian economy and waste generation illustrate that the Australian economy is currently a traditional linear economy; (3) the effectiveness of waste-related policies are shown by the growth of the sums of direct and total effects of intermediate sectors on the Recovery sector; and (4) the amount of waste generated by households increased sharply over the two years. The physical flows of waste footprint show details of waste generation and treatment in the Australian economic system. The information provided in this paper is beneficial to formulate tailor-made policies for waste management in Australia. View Full-Text
Keywords: input-output analysis; waste input output; waste footprint input-output analysis; waste input output; waste footprint
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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He, H.; Reynolds, C.J.; Piantadosi, J.; Boland, J. Effects of Australian Economic Activities on Waste Generation and Treatment. Recycling 2017, 2, 12.

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