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Batteries 2016, 2(3), 20; doi:10.3390/batteries2030020

Failure Mechanisms of Nickel/Metal Hydride Batteries with Cobalt-Substituted Superlattice Hydrogen-Absorbing Alloy Anodes at 50 °C

1
BASF/Battery Materials-Ovonic, 2983 Waterview Drive, Rochester Hills, MI 48309, USA
2
Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
3
FDK Corporation, 307-2 Koyagimachi, Takasaki 370-0071, Gunma, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hua Kun Liu
Received: 8 April 2016 / Revised: 16 June 2016 / Accepted: 20 June 2016 / Published: 24 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6279 KB, uploaded 21 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

The incorporation of a small amount of Co in the A2B7 superlattice hydrogen absorbing alloy (HAA) can benefit its electrochemical cycle life performance at both room temperature (RT) and 50 °C. The electrochemical properties of the Co-substituted A2B7 and the failure mechanisms of cells using such alloys cycled at RT have been reported previously. In this paper, the failure mechanisms of the same alloys cycled at 50 °C are reported. Compared to that at RT, the trend of the cycle life at 50 °C versus the Co content in the Co-substituted A2B7 HAAs is similar, but the cycle life is significantly shorter. Failure analysis of the cells at 50 °C was performed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and inductively coupled plasma (ICP) analysis. It was found that the elevated temperature accelerates electrolyte dry-out and the deterioration (both pulverization and oxidation) of the A2B7 negative electrode, which are major causes of cell failure when cycling at 50 °C. Cells from HAA with higher Co-content also showed micro-shortage in the separator from the debris of the corrosion of the negative electrode. View Full-Text
Keywords: nickel metal hydride battery; hydrogen storage alloys; failure analysis; scanning electron microscopy (SEM); metal corrosion; high temperature degradation nickel metal hydride battery; hydrogen storage alloys; failure analysis; scanning electron microscopy (SEM); metal corrosion; high temperature degradation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Meng, T.; Young, K.-H.; Koch, J.; Ouchi, T.; Yasuoka, S. Failure Mechanisms of Nickel/Metal Hydride Batteries with Cobalt-Substituted Superlattice Hydrogen-Absorbing Alloy Anodes at 50 °C. Batteries 2016, 2, 20.

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