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Batteries 2016, 2(2), 19; doi:10.3390/batteries2020019

Lithium Ion Cell/Batteries Electromagnetic Field Reduction in Phones for Hearing Aid Compliance

Advance Energy Technology, Motorola Mobility, 222 Merchandise Mart Plaza # 1800, Chicago, IL 60654, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: James Marco
Received: 1 April 2016 / Revised: 1 June 2016 / Accepted: 6 June 2016 / Published: 15 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Battery Management Systems)
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Abstract

“The Hearing Aid Compatibility Act of 1988 (HAC Act) generally requires that the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) ensure that telephones manufactured or imported for use in the United States after August 1989, and all ‘essential’ telephones, are hearing aid-compatible”. The electromagnetic field (EMF) emission is generated by electrical currents in the phones’ circuit boards and components, including the battery. Here, we have investigated design changes to reduce the EMF from Lithium Ion (Li-ion) batteries. Changes mainly include: (1) Li-ion cell internal positive/negative tab location and length on cathode/anode layers; and (2) Li-ion cell external positive/negative connectors spacing. Results show that the cell’s internal tab locations and spacing between the cell’s external connectors play critical roles in reduction of battery EMF emissions. It is important that cells’ design changes are compatible with the manufacturing processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Li-ion battery electromagnetic field (EMF) emission; hearing aids compliance; cell phone audio quality Li-ion battery electromagnetic field (EMF) emission; hearing aids compliance; cell phone audio quality
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Maleki, H.; Zurek, R.; Howard, J.N.; Hallmark, J.A. Lithium Ion Cell/Batteries Electromagnetic Field Reduction in Phones for Hearing Aid Compliance. Batteries 2016, 2, 19.

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