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Magnetochemistry 2017, 3(2), 19; doi:10.3390/magnetochemistry3020019

Investigating Size- and Temperature-Dependent Coercivity and Saturation Magnetization in PEG Coated Fe3O4 Nanoparticles

1
Department of Physics, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain 15551, United Arab Emirates
2
Max-Planck-Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Nöthnitzer Straße-40, 01187 Dresden, Germany
3
Surface Physics and Material Science Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, HBNI, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064, India
4
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carlos J. Gómez García
Received: 25 April 2017 / Revised: 8 May 2017 / Accepted: 11 May 2017 / Published: 20 May 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5286 KB, uploaded 20 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

Polyethylene glycol (PEG) coated magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles with diameters of 12 nm, 15 nm, and 16 nm were synthesized by the usual co-precipitation method. The structure and morphology of the samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The ac magnetic susceptibility measurements were carried out using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The dc magnetic measurements were carried out using a commercial Quantum Design superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The XRD patterns indicated the sole existence of the inverse cubic spinel phase of Fe3O4 in all the samples. The histograms extracted from the TEM images show narrow size distributions with average sizes that are very similar to those obtained from the XRD images using the Scherrer’s formula. The temperature dependence of both coercivity and saturation magnetization, which were determined from the magnetic hysteresis loops, were found to have considerable deviations from the Bloch’s and Kneller’s laws. The size-dependent coercivity and saturation magnetization were found to be non-monotonic at nearly all temperatures. These results are discussed and attributed mainly to the finite size effects in addition to the existence of inter-particle interactions and of spin-glass structures that resulted from frozen canted surface spins at low temperatures. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoparticles; Spin canting; spin-glass; coercivity; magnetization nanoparticles; Spin canting; spin-glass; coercivity; magnetization
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nayek, C.; Manna, K.; Bhattacharjee, G.; Murugavel, P.; Obaidat, I. Investigating Size- and Temperature-Dependent Coercivity and Saturation Magnetization in PEG Coated Fe3O4 Nanoparticles. Magnetochemistry 2017, 3, 19.

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