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Horticulturae 2018, 4(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae4010004

Evaluation of a New Mexico Landrace and Two Commercial Chile (Capsicum annuum) Cultivars under Four Furrow Irrigation Schedules

Extension Plant Sciences, New Mexico State University, 945 College Dr., Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
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Received: 8 December 2017 / Revised: 30 January 2018 / Accepted: 14 February 2018 / Published: 24 February 2018
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Abstract

Commercial and landrace chile (Capsicum annuum) cultivars are cultivated under furrow irrigation systems in Northern New Mexico. Yield and physiological differences between commercial and landrace chile cultivars under furrow irrigation systems have not been evaluated. In 2011 and 2012 two commercial chiles, ‘Sandia’ and ‘NuMex Big Jim’, with one landrace chile, ‘Chimayo’, were evaluated under four irrigation schedules, with irrigation once every 7, 9, 11, and 13-days. These four schedules represent possible water availability for farmers in Northern New Mexico. In 2011 there were inconsistent yield patterns; fresh red chile yield of ‘Chimayo’ at the seven-day interval was 90% more than at the nine-day interval. ‘Sandia’ had 138% better yields at the seven- than at the nine-day interval. ‘Chimayo’ fresh green chile yields at the nine-day interval were 47% better than the seven-day interval. ‘NuMex Big Jim’ fresh green yields were 40% greater at the seven-day interval than the 13-day interval. In 2012 no yield components were statistically different for cultivars across irrigation intervals. This data shows commercial green and landrace chile cultivars can be furrow irrigated as water becomes available on 7, 9, 11, or 13-day intervals with no yield effect. View Full-Text
Keywords: acequia; chile; commercial cultivars; ecosystem services; irrigation; landraces acequia; chile; commercial cultivars; ecosystem services; irrigation; landraces
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Joukhadar, I.; Walker, S. Evaluation of a New Mexico Landrace and Two Commercial Chile (Capsicum annuum) Cultivars under Four Furrow Irrigation Schedules. Horticulturae 2018, 4, 4.

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