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Horticulturae 2017, 3(1), 16; doi:10.3390/horticulturae3010016

Evaluation of Some Postharvest Storage Approaches on Essential Oil Characteristics of Fresh Organic Damask Rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) Flowers

1
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran 336-14115, Iran
2
Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran 13185-116, Iran
3
R & D Department, Golkaran Essential Oils and Herbal Extracts Company, Kashan 1178, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Varit Srilaong, Mantana Buanong, Chalermchai Wongs-Aree, Sirichai Kanlayanarat and Douglas D. Archbold
Received: 4 December 2015 / Revised: 27 June 2016 / Accepted: 27 July 2016 / Published: 30 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quality Management of Organic Horticultural Produce)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [402 KB, uploaded 3 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) is an economically important species in the Rosaceae family for rose oil and rose water production, obtained exclusively from freshly-gathered Damask rose flowers. Iran is famous for producing organic rose essential oil, mainly used in the perfume industry and for folk medicines due to its healing properties. Due to their high perishability, postharvest handling of the flowers prior to oil extraction are a key point in rose essential oil production. In this study, postharvest handling conditions of Damask rose flowers were evaluated for the effect on yield and quality of the extracted essential oils. Organically-grown flowers were stored under different conditions included packaging in polyethylene bags and immersing into water containers, and then held at 25 ± 2 °C or 4 ± 1 °C for 1, 2, or 3 days. Identification of the chemical composition of the essential oils was performed by GC and GC/MS. The results indicated that petal storage in water resulted in the highest essential oil content and quality, and storage in polyethylene bags resulted in the greatest loss, compared to those from unstored petals. The results provide a reference for interested groups such as producers and consumers who are concerned about Damask rose flower storage and subsequent oil extraction. View Full-Text
Keywords: essential oil characteristics; organic damask rose; post-harvest handling essential oil characteristics; organic damask rose; post-harvest handling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mirzaei, M.; Ahmadi, N.; Sefidkon, F.; Shojaeiyan, A.; Mazaheri, A. Evaluation of Some Postharvest Storage Approaches on Essential Oil Characteristics of Fresh Organic Damask Rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) Flowers. Horticulturae 2017, 3, 16.

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