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Horticulturae 2017, 3(1), 12; doi:10.3390/horticulturae3010012

Use of Nondestructive Devices to Support Pre- and Postharvest Fruit Management

Department of Agricultural Science, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Bologna 40127, Italy
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Academic Editors: Varit Srilaong, Mantana Buanong, Chalermchai Wongs-Aree, Sirichai Kanlayanarat and Douglas D. Archbold
Received: 3 December 2015 / Revised: 7 September 2016 / Accepted: 18 September 2016 / Published: 30 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quality Management of Organic Horticultural Produce)
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Abstract

Fruit quality is greatly affected by the ripening stage at harvest. In order to preserve quality traits, increase product marketability, and extend both the storage time and the shelf life, it is crucial to tailor postharvest strategies to ripening and physiological stages, and these need to be determined precisely. Surveying instruments working with modern technologies such as visible spectrometry can be precise and effective in assessing ripening stage and in grouping fruit in homogeneous classes. This paper reviews results using original nondestructive devices developed at the University of Bologna to define the fruit ripening of several fruit species through a new index (Index of Absorbance Difference (IAD)) to compare relationships among fruit ripening stage, fruit quality, and postharvest life. The devices defining the IAD can be used in the field (by the Difference Absorbance (DA)-Meter), at the packinghouse (with the DA-head, a stationary device), and at the cold storage level (with the DA Fruit Logger (DAFL)). View Full-Text
Keywords: fruit ripening; index of absorbance difference (IAD); DA-Meter; DA-Head; DAFL fruit ripening; index of absorbance difference (IAD); DA-Meter; DA-Head; DAFL
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Costa, G.; Rocchi, L.; Farneti, B.; Busatto, N.; Spinelli, F.; Vidoni, S. Use of Nondestructive Devices to Support Pre- and Postharvest Fruit Management. Horticulturae 2017, 3, 12.

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