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Fermentation 2017, 3(3), 34; doi:10.3390/fermentation3030034

Engineering Yarrowia lipolytica for Enhanced Production of Lipid and Citric Acid

Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Bioprocessing and Bioproducts Engineering Laboratory, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99163, USA
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Received: 2 May 2017 / Revised: 8 July 2017 / Accepted: 12 July 2017 / Published: 17 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioconversion Processes)
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Abstract

Increasing demand for plant oil for food, feed, and fuel production has led to food-fuel competition, higher plant lipid cost, and more need for agricultural land. On the other hand, the growing global production of biodiesel has increased the production of glycerol as a by-product. Efficient utilization of this by-product can reduce biodiesel production costs. We engineered Yarrowia lipolytica (Y. lipolytica) at various metabolic levels of lipid biosynthesis, degradation, and regulation for enhanced lipid and citric acid production. We used a one-step double gene knock-in and site-specific gene knock-out strategy. The resulting final strain combines the overexpression of homologous DGA1 and DGA2 in a POX-deleted background, and deletion of the SNF1 lipid regulator. This increased lipid and citric acid production in the strain under nitrogen-limiting conditions (C/N molar ratio of 60). The engineered strain constitutively accumulated lipid at a titer of more than 4.8 g/L with a lipid content of 53% of dry cell weight (DCW). The secreted citric acid reached a yield of 0.75 g/g (up to ~45 g/L) from pure glycerol in 3 days of batch fermentation using a 1-L bioreactor. This yeast cell factory was capable of simultaneous lipid accumulation and citric acid secretion. It can be used in fed-batch or continuous bioprocessing for citric acid recovery from the supernatant, along with lipid extraction from the harvested biomass. View Full-Text
Keywords: Yarrowia lipolytica; microbial lipid; citric acid; glycerol; genetic and metabolic engineering; fermentation; leucine metabolism and biosynthesis; bioconversion Yarrowia lipolytica; microbial lipid; citric acid; glycerol; genetic and metabolic engineering; fermentation; leucine metabolism and biosynthesis; bioconversion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abghari, A.; Chen, S. Engineering Yarrowia lipolytica for Enhanced Production of Lipid and Citric Acid. Fermentation 2017, 3, 34.

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