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C 2017, 3(2), 18; doi:10.3390/c3020018

Activated Carbon, Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene: Materials and Composites for Advanced Water Purification

1
Experimental Therapeutics Laboratory, Sanson Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
2
School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
3
Puratap Pty. Ltd., Stepney, SA 5069, Australia
4
School of Chemical Engineering, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
5
School of Engineering, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, SA 5095, Australia
6
Future Industries Institute, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, SA 5095, Australia
7
Robinson Research Institute, Discipline of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine, University of Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Cirillo
Received: 3 May 2017 / Revised: 26 May 2017 / Accepted: 28 May 2017 / Published: 2 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Carbon Materials and Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [324 KB, uploaded 2 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

To ensure the availability of clean water for humans into the future, efficient and cost-effective water purification technology will be required. The rapidly decreasing quality of water and the growing global demand for this scarce resource has driven the pursuit of high-performance purification materials, particularly for application as point-of-use devices. This review will introduce the main types of natural and artificial contaminants that are present in water and the challenges associated with their effective removal. The efficiency and performance of recently developed materials for water purification, with a focus on activated carbon, carbon nanotubes and graphene will be discussed. The recent advances in water purification using these materials is reviewed and their applicability as point-of-use water purification systems discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: water purification; activated carbon; carbon nanotubes; graphene; water contamination; point-of-use water purification; activated carbon; carbon nanotubes; graphene; water contamination; point-of-use
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sweetman, M.J.; May, S.; Mebberson, N.; Pendleton, P.; Vasilev, K.; Plush, S.E.; Hayball, J.D. Activated Carbon, Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene: Materials and Composites for Advanced Water Purification. C 2017, 3, 18.

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