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C 2016, 2(3), 19; doi:10.3390/c2030019

Carbon Nanofibers Grown on Large Woven Cloths: Morphology and Properties of Growth

1
Production Technology Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
2
Catalytic Processes and Materials Group, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Craig E. Banks
Received: 26 April 2016 / Revised: 6 June 2016 / Accepted: 13 June 2016 / Published: 4 July 2016
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Abstract

The morphology and chemical composition of carbon nanofibers in situ grown on a large carbon-fiber woven fabric are studied using SEM measurements, X-ray Diffraction, X-ray Flourescence, and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy. Results show that nanofibers can have a density and a morphology potentially advantageous for application in polymer-matrix composites. The fiber surface functional groups significantly change after the growth and this also potentially provides a better interfacial adhesion. These advantages can be controlled, e.g., by the catalyst loading and the type of solvent used for its deposition. View Full-Text
Keywords: fabrics; CVD; carbon nanofibers; morphology; chemical properties fabrics; CVD; carbon nanofibers; morphology; chemical properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Koissin, V.; Bor, T.; Kotanjac, Ž.; Lefferts, L.; Warnet, L.; Akkerman, R. Carbon Nanofibers Grown on Large Woven Cloths: Morphology and Properties of Growth. C 2016, 2, 19.

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