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Non-Coding RNA 2015, 1(1), 69-86; doi:10.3390/ncrna1010069

Long Non-Coding RNAs Dysregulation and Function in Glioblastoma Stem Cells

Department of Surgery, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: George A. Calin
Received: 9 April 2015 / Accepted: 28 May 2015 / Published: 3 June 2015
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Abstract

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common form of primary brain tumor, is highly resistant to current treatment paradigms and has a high rate of recurrence. Recent advances in the field of tumor-initiating cells suggest that glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) may be responsible for GBM’s rapid progression, treatment resistance, tumor recurrence and ultimately poor clinical prognosis. Understanding the biologically significant pathways that mediate GSC-specific characteristics offers promises in the development of novel biomarkers and therapeutics. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been increasingly implicated in the regulation of cancer cell biological behavior through various mechanisms. Initial studies strongly suggested that lncRNA expressions are highly dysregulated in GSCs and may play important roles in determining malignant phenotypes in GBM. Here, we review available evidence on aberrantly expressed lncRNAs identified by high throughput microarray profiling studies in GSCs. We also explore the potential functional pathways by analyzing their interactive proteins and miRNAs, with a view to shed lights on how this novel class of molecular candidates may mediate GSC maintenance and differentiation. View Full-Text
Keywords: glioblastoma stem cell; lncRNA; transcription factor; miRNA; lncRNA-protein interaction; lncRNA-miRNA interaction; signal pathway glioblastoma stem cell; lncRNA; transcription factor; miRNA; lncRNA-protein interaction; lncRNA-miRNA interaction; signal pathway
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, X.; Kiang, K.M.; Zhang, G.P.; Leung, G.K. Long Non-Coding RNAs Dysregulation and Function in Glioblastoma Stem Cells. Non-Coding RNA 2015, 1, 69-86.

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