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Fluids 2016, 1(2), 16; doi:10.3390/fluids1020016

Mathematical Modeling and Computer Simulations of Nanofluid Flow with Applications to Cooling and Lubrication

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7910, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Phuoc X. Tran and Mehrdad Massoudi
Received: 31 March 2016 / Revised: 17 May 2016 / Accepted: 20 May 2016 / Published: 27 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fundamental Studies in Flow and Heat Transfer in Nanofluids)
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Abstract

There is a growing range of applications of nanoparticle-suspension flows with or without heat transfer. Examples include enhanced cooling of microsystems with low volume-fractions of nanoparticles in liquids, improved tribological performance with lubricants seeded with nanoparticles, optimal nanodrug delivery in the pulmonary as well as the vascular systems to combat cancer, and spray-coating using plasma-jets with seeded nanoparticles. In order to implement theories that explain experimental evidence of nanoparticle-fluid dynamics and predict numerically optimum system performance, a description of the basic math modeling and computer simulation aspects is necessary. Thus, in this review article, the focus is on the fundamental understanding of the physics of nanofluid flow and heat transfer with summaries of microchannel-flow applications related to cooling and lubrication. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanofluids; mathematical modeling; computer simulations; heat transfer enhancement; improved lubrication nanofluids; mathematical modeling; computer simulations; heat transfer enhancement; improved lubrication
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kleinstreuer, C.; Xu, Z. Mathematical Modeling and Computer Simulations of Nanofluid Flow with Applications to Cooling and Lubrication. Fluids 2016, 1, 16.

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