Modeling the Viscosity of Concentrated Nanoemulsions and Nanosuspensions
AbstractThe modeling of the viscous behavior of nanoemulsions and nanosuspensions is discussed. The influences of the viscosity ratio, solvation and aggregation of nanodroplets and nanoparticles on the relative viscosity of nanofluids are considered. The relative viscosity of a nanofluid is strongly affected by solvation of nanoparticles. The scaling of the relative viscosity of nanoemulsions is successfully carried out using the volume fraction of the solvated nanodroplets. Four sets of experimental relative viscosity data of nanoemulsions consisting of different diameter nanodroplets (27.5 nm–205 nm) all collapse on a single unique curve when the data are scaled on the basis of the volume fraction of the solvated nanodroplets. A similar scaling is achieved using six sets of experimental relative viscosity data on nanosuspensions consisting of different diameter nanoparticles (29 nm–146 nm). A new modified version of the Oldroyd model is proposed to describe and predict the viscosity of nanofluids. The model takes into consideration the influences of the viscosity ratio, solvation and aggregation of nanoparticles/nanodroplets. The same model is applicable to both nanoemulsions and nanosuspensions as it includes the effect of the viscosity ratio (ratio of droplet viscosity to matrix viscosity) on the relative viscosity of nanofluids. More experimental work is needed on nanoemulsions to explore the effect of the viscosity ratio, especially at low values of the viscosity ratio. View Full-Text
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Pal, R. Modeling the Viscosity of Concentrated Nanoemulsions and Nanosuspensions. Fluids 2016, 1, 11.
Pal R. Modeling the Viscosity of Concentrated Nanoemulsions and Nanosuspensions. Fluids. 2016; 1(2):11.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pal, Rajinder. 2016. "Modeling the Viscosity of Concentrated Nanoemulsions and Nanosuspensions." Fluids 1, no. 2: 11.
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