Next Article in Journal
Splash Dynamics of Paint on Dry, Wet, and Cooled Surfaces
Next Article in Special Issue
Mathematical Modeling and Computer Simulations of Nanofluid Flow with Applications to Cooling and Lubrication
Previous Article in Journal
Semicompressible Ocean Thermodynamics and Boussinesq Energy Conservation
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Volume Averaging Theory for Convective Flow in a Nanofluid Saturated Metal Foam
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Fluids 2016, 1(2), 11; doi:10.3390/fluids1020011

Modeling the Viscosity of Concentrated Nanoemulsions and Nanosuspensions

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
Academic Editors: Phuoc X. Tran and Mehrdad Massoudi
Received: 20 February 2016 / Revised: 28 March 2016 / Accepted: 8 April 2016 / Published: 12 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fundamental Studies in Flow and Heat Transfer in Nanofluids)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4434 KB, uploaded 4 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

The modeling of the viscous behavior of nanoemulsions and nanosuspensions is discussed. The influences of the viscosity ratio, solvation and aggregation of nanodroplets and nanoparticles on the relative viscosity of nanofluids are considered. The relative viscosity of a nanofluid is strongly affected by solvation of nanoparticles. The scaling of the relative viscosity of nanoemulsions is successfully carried out using the volume fraction of the solvated nanodroplets. Four sets of experimental relative viscosity data of nanoemulsions consisting of different diameter nanodroplets (27.5 nm–205 nm) all collapse on a single unique curve when the data are scaled on the basis of the volume fraction of the solvated nanodroplets. A similar scaling is achieved using six sets of experimental relative viscosity data on nanosuspensions consisting of different diameter nanoparticles (29 nm–146 nm). A new modified version of the Oldroyd model is proposed to describe and predict the viscosity of nanofluids. The model takes into consideration the influences of the viscosity ratio, solvation and aggregation of nanoparticles/nanodroplets. The same model is applicable to both nanoemulsions and nanosuspensions as it includes the effect of the viscosity ratio (ratio of droplet viscosity to matrix viscosity) on the relative viscosity of nanofluids. More experimental work is needed on nanoemulsions to explore the effect of the viscosity ratio, especially at low values of the viscosity ratio. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanofluids; nanoparticles; nanodroplets; nanosuspensions; nanoemulsions; suspensions; emulsions; viscosity nanofluids; nanoparticles; nanodroplets; nanosuspensions; nanoemulsions; suspensions; emulsions; viscosity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Pal, R. Modeling the Viscosity of Concentrated Nanoemulsions and Nanosuspensions. Fluids 2016, 1, 11.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Fluids EISSN 2311-5521 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top